mod civ 4

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64 Terms
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German Confederation
Association of German states established at the Congress of Vienna that replaced the Holy Roman Empire and allied independent German states.
Otto von Bismarck
the politician most instrumental in the unification of Germany
The highest ranking position that Otto von Bismark was appointed
Bismark skillfully acted upon realistic politics that benefited the states
Franco-Prussian War
sparked by Bismark after releasing a doctored telegram insulting Napoleon II
Second Reich
the German became known as this after the victory over France
Kaiser Wilhelm II
The new leader of Germans in World War 1
Reichstag ( upper house ) Bundesrat ( lower house )
Bismark and Wilhelm established a two house legislature called
One of the effects of unification allowing Germany to become a military economic power
Bismarck's attack on the Catholic Church
How Bismark ended up fighting socialism
Adopting social welfare programs
after the death of Wilhelm I..
Wilhelm II became kaiser and asked Bismark to resign
Guiseppe Mazzini
A Nationalist leader that founded Young Italy to work for the unified Italian republic to help trade and industry
Kingdom of Sardinia
the new center for the Italian Movement
Victor Emmanuel
A monarch who wanted more power by taking Italian states
Count Camillo Cavour
Prime minister of Sardinia who made war with Austria to take northern Italian states.
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Worked with Cavour in the Kingdom of Two Sicilies to create an Italian republic and raised an army of 1,000 red shirts
violently sabotaged the constitutional monarchy of the new Italian state.
where government worked to expand the empire into in northern africa
used by many Italians as an escape from difficulties faced in italy
Prince von Metternich
politician who tried to suppress liberal ideas and banned the word constitution
Franz Joseph
became emperor of Austria and ruled until WWI
Ferenc Deak
moderate Hungarian leader, helped work out the Dual of Monarchy of Austria Hungary
Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary
Austria and Hungary are combined under Francis Joseph I
Ottoman Empire
multinational empire, stretching from Eastern Europe to North Africa and Middle East
in the Balkans
Serbia and Greece won autonomy and others staged revolts against ottoman rule
Western Europeans viewed the Balkan region as..
a powder keg that set off WWI
Peter the Great
expanded the naval power of Russia by conquering the Baltic and black seas.
Catherine the Great
ruled as an enlightened despot
name for the majority of Russians bc they were laborers for wealthy
what Russian autocrats were called meaning caesar or emperor in Russian
an land committees set up by Alexander II
violent government-sanctioned attackes against Russian Jewish
Nicholas II
the leader Russia began to industrialize under in 1890
Russo-Japanese War
War between Russia and Japan over imperial possessions. Japan emerges victorious.
Bloody Sunday
peaceful march by russians turned deadly when Czar's guards fire on crowd, killing hundreds
October Manifesto
Issued by Nicholas II and granted full civil rights to people and opened up the Duma
Russian national legislature
Peter Stolypin
appointed prime minister by Nicholas II to implement necessary reforms
Rotten boroughs
rural town in England that sent members to Parliament despite having few or no voters
Reform Act of 1832
An Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of the United Kingdom
body of people allowed to vote
secret ballot
votes cast without announcing them publicly
Queen Victoria
ruler of britain empire for 64 years and emodied social values of the age
Benjamin Disraeli
forged the Tories into the modern Conservative Party
William Gladstone and Disraeli
alternated as prime minister in 1868
Parliamentary Democracy
a form of government in which the executive leaders are chosen by and responsible to the legislature
free trade
trade between countries without restrictions
Abolitionist Movement
Movement to end slavery in 1807
capital offense
crime punishable by death
penal colonies
settlements for convicts
Emmeline Pankhurst
British suffragette and founder of the Woman's Social and Political Union.
absentee landlord
one who owns a large estate but does not live there
Napolean III
ruled Frances Second Empire
Suez Canal
a canal linking the mediterranean with the red sea and the indian ocean
Franco-Prussian War
This was a major war between the French and the Germans in 1871 that brought about the unification of Germany. It was caused by Otto Von Bismarck altering a telegram from the Prussian King to provoke the French into attacking Prussia, thus hoping to get the independent German states to unify with Prussia (which they did, thus creating Germany).
a government Republicans in Paris formed to end war and minimize losses
Third Republic
the two house legislature republic that was established in France after the downfall of Napoleon III and remained for 70 years
held the most power in thenew government that consisted of a two-house legislature which elected the president
alliences among various parties to form majorities capable of governing
Alfred Dreyfus
a Jewish army officer involved in a scandal accused of being a German spy
a published false statement that is damaging to a person's reputation; a written defamation.
a movement devoted to rebuilding a Jewish state in Palestine