history unit 3 expansion

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35 Terms
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John Adams
2nd President of the United States (1735-1826)
Thomas Jefferson
3rd President of the United States and bought the Louisiana Territory
John Marshall
Federalist Chief Justice who established the Court's power of judicial review
Marbury v. Madison
Established judicial review
Judicial Review
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
Louisiana Purchase
territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
Meriweather Lewis
former army captain who led the expedition into the Louisiana Territory
William Clark
co-leader of the Lewis and Clark expedition
Lewis and Clark Expedition
an expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark that began in 1804 to explore the Louisiana Purchase
Shoshone woman who assisted the Lewis and Clark expedition
Zebulon Pike
Leader of a southern expedition in the Louisiana Territory
USS Constitution
a large warship
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service
an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
Embargo Act
An 1807 law that imposed a total ban on foreign trade
Nonintercourse Act
Allowed Americans to carry on trade with all nations except Britain and France.
a famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement (1768-1813)
Battle of Tippecanoe
U.S. forces defeated Tecumseh and his followers
War Hawks
young members of Congress who took the lead in calling for war against Britain
James Madison
4th President
Oliver Hazard Perry
Commodore who defeated the British at the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812.
Andrew Jackson
7th president of the US; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency
Treaty of Fort Jackson
the treaty that forced the Creek nation to give up millions of acres of their land
Battle of New Orleans
The U.S achieved its greatest land victory of the War of 1812
Hartford Convention
A declaration calling the Federal Government to protect New England and to supply financial aid to New England
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty that ended the War of 1812 and maintained prewar conditions
Who did Jefferson buy the Louisiana Territory from?
Napoleon in 1803 (France)
Why did Jefferson buy the Louisiana Territory?
He wanted New Orleans but got an offer for The Louisiana Territory
What were the 3 goals for the Lewis and Clark Expedition
map the new land, find new people, animals, and plants, and to find a sea route from the Pacific
What constitutional precedent did Marbury v. Madison
Set up Judicial Review
Why is the power of judicial review important?
It gave the Supreme Court the power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional, which strengthened the judicial branch's power.
Why was New Orleans and the Mississippi River important
They imported and exported goods and were major transportation route.
What were the things that lead to the War of 1812?
Impressment of American sailors, interference with American shipping, and British military and to Native Americans
What were the major effects of the Treaty of Ghent?
It ended the War of 1812, other counties respected the U.S, Native American resistance weakened
Who did the English get to help the fight the Americans?
The Native Americans