beginning of story(exposition or en media res), inciting incident, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement
A struggle between opposing forces
Events leading up to the climax
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
A narrative in which the main character, usually a child or adolescent, undergoes an important experience that prepares him or her for adulthood.
universal plot that recurs in literature
A character or force in conflict with the main character
A character who embodies a single quality and who does not develop in the course of a story
A character who demonstrates some complexity and who develops or changes in the course of a work
A character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action
A character who is used as a contrast to another character; the contrast emphasizes the differences between the two characters, bringing out the distinctive qualities in each.
A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events
a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory.
in medias res
in or into the middle of a plot; into the middle of things
Person telling the story
first person narrator
a narrator within the story who tells the story from the "I" perspective
third person narrator
a narrator outside of the action who tells the story from the he/she vantage point
a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters
The time and place of a story
Central idea of a work of literature
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
A comparison of two unlike things using like or as
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
Greek writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex
A group of characters in Greek tragedy (and in later forms of drama), who comment on the action of a play without participation in it.
What they do in story ->
Beauty of poetry and dancing
Communicates mood and central themes of drama
Relieves (or builds) tension
Converses with and gives advice to characters
Gives background on preceding events
leader of the chorus
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
building used as dressing room
stage forward of curtain
açade of the skene—often served as “scenery” for play, i.e., front of
temple or palance
entrance of the chorus
deus ex machina
In literature, the use of an artificial device or gimmick to solve a problem.
God of wine
A literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
A weakness or limitation of character, resulting in the fall of the tragic hero.
excessive pride or self-confidence; arrogance
a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine
joy before catastrophe
happiness before tragedy
the appearance of being true or real
events on stage are believable
a sudden reversal of fortune or change in circumstances, especially in reference to fictional narrative.
the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions.
moment of recognition
when the hero realizes the consequences of his actions