Music History Test 3

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Spaced Repetition

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42 Terms
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characteristics of Renaissance music
words and muisc: text painting or text depiction; grammar/structure effected music directly texture: polyphonic (through imitation) or homorhythmic
developed polyphonic music printing
music printing
Harmonice Musices Odhecaton- the first book polyphonic music to be printed
english music
spread to France; constant battle became to influence France with music
Contenance angloise
"English Quality"; more chordal sounding
kind of song that was in strophic with refrain form
John Dunstable
developed technique of paraphrase
from Burgundy; composed secular chanson
Guillaume DuFay
singer/composer/church official; degree in Cannon Law; spent most of career in Italy
Isorhythmic Motet (DuFay)
Nuper Rosarum Flores; lower 2 voices are isorhythmic
when you take a chant melody and add harmony a 3rd below and. 4th above. (sounds like a series of inverted triads)
Alternatim performance
when you alternate voices; plain chant in one verse, polyphonic chant in the next verse
Types of Mass Cycles
Plainsong Mass- Oldest cycle; each movement uses as its base a corresponding chant (base your kyrie on Kyrie chant)
motto mass/head motive
Each movement begins with same musical idea
Cantus Firmus/Tenor
Each movement constructed around same melody placed in Tenor voice Cantus Firmus- when you take a preexisting melody that is used as a base
Parody Mass
Take a chunk of all the voices of a preexisting polyphonic work and make that the base of your mass
Paraphrase Mass
paraphrase a chant melody and use it as the base for your mass
Jean de Ockeghem
international famous composer; studied with DuFay and possibly Binchois; most famous for job at the French Royal Chapel; skilled at using intellectual devices such as canon
Canon/Mensuration canon
Canon- rule or instruction for realizing several parts out of one that is noted Mensuration canon- when you have a melody but you give it 2 or more different mensuration signs (Missa Prolationum ((most famous composition)))
Heinrich Isaac
Internationally famous during his lifetime; worked for Lorenzo d'Medici
Choralis Constantinus
contains (hundreds) motets settings of the proper text of the mass for the whole church year
Josquin des Prez characteristics
structure of music is always related to the text; primary technique is imitation; extensive use of text depiction and borrowed material
text depiction
reflecting images of the text in the music
Josquin des Prez Motet
Ave Maria ... virgo serena
Josquin Prez Masses
Missa Pange lingua
Martin Luther
Drew up a list of 95 topics to debate that he thought were wrong with the Catholic church (caused a split in the church); created his own church (reformation church); believed music was a gift from God and doctrine of ethos
Chorale and Sources
Most significant contribution of the reformation to music was the development of the chorale. Chorale: strophic hymn with a text and melody sung in unison. Created from 4 sources: adaptations of Gregorian chant, german devotional songs, contrafactum, and chorales newly composed in style of popular songs (bar form)
secular songs, such as folk songs, were adapted by giving them new texts
Styles of Chorale Settings
tenorlied style: melody in tenor with the other voices in counterpoint Cantional style: melody in the soprano Chorale motet: use a paraphrased chorale melody as the basis for your motet
Metrical Psalms
translate into french, turn it into metrical poetry, sung by congregation, unaccompanied
books of metrical psalms that people could sing out of
Great Service
Elaborate polyphony; contrapuntal and melismatic music; written for large settings and groups
Short Service
Homorhythmic and syllabic music; Simpler and easier to sing
Verse Anthem
Anthem with verse for soloists, choir, and sometimes instrumental ensembles
Full Anthem
anthem for unaccompanied choir
G.P da Palestrina Characteristics
long-breathed, easily singable melodies that move by steps or easy leaps; consonant sonorities w/ carefully controlled dissonance; equality of parts; use of familiar style, syllabic text setting, use of subsets of the total # of voices; subtle rhythmic variety based on textual accentuation
T.L de Victoria
same characteristics as Palestrina, only difference is he used more chromatic harmonies; "went outside the mode more than Palestrina"; Parody Mass- Missa O Magnum Mysterium
Orlando di Lasso
Most famous for composing over 700 sacred and secular motets; Characteristics- Text depiction was his most outstanding one, also known for expressive and tasteful music
Franco-Flemish School
Characteristics- equality of voices, prevailing texture is imitative polyphony w/ overlapping cadences, careful dissonance treatment, most in duple meter, and # of values went 4/5/6
Counter Reformation
efforts to address the problems addressed by Martin Luther
Council of Trent
meeting of church leaders, discussed everything regarding the church including music
Music (Council of Trent)
Abolished all but 4 sequences: Dies Irae, Abolishes secular/ profane influences, overall effect: confirmation of FF style/polyphony