Global Culture/Religion Quiz

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28 Terms
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Everything that makes up a particular people's way of life
Judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture
Religion (type of culture)
Foundation of culture System of attitudes, beliefs, and practices relating to spiritual things Monotheism vs Polytheism
Government (type of culture)
Process for making decisions
Monarchy (type of government)
King/Queen make decisions based on wants/needs of people
Democracy (type of government)
People elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf
Autocracy (type of government)
Leader makes decisions with no consideration for wants or needs of people
Economy (type of culture)
Method of allocating resources ex: capitalism, communism, socialism, etc.
Social Structure (type of culture)
Main purpose is to organize society How families are organized How we interact with different groups of people based on what society tells us 2 main kinds of organization: nuclear (immediate family) and extended (extended family)
Expression (type of culture)
The way cultures demonstrate communication and individuality ex: language, food, music, dance, etc.
Discovery (how culture changes)
Addition of totally new info into a new culture (very rare)
Invention (how culture changes)
Recombination of existing elements within a culture (common)
Diffusion (how culture changes)
Minor change within a culture (extremely common)
Extinction (how culture changes)
When traits leave a culture (fairly common)
Cultural group within a larger culture, often having beliefs or interests different with those of the larger culture
Way of life and set of attitudes opposed to the prevailing social norm
Original inhabitants of a particular place
Unified system (general foundation) of spiritual beliefs and practices related to sacred (spiritual) things
Components of Religion
Beliefs that some kind of supernatural or spiritual power exists Specific beliefs about these powers Rituals
Intellectual (function of religion)
Explains the world around us Satisfies human curiosity Goes further than science can
Psychological (function of religion)
Helps people cope with time of stress/trouble Explains why bad things happen Gives confidence in a more ultimate meaning to life
Social (function of religion)
Gives morals, values, and rules Gives common identity as part of same group Solidarity (brings people together)
Elements Religions Have in Common
Founder Deity (god) or deities Symbols Sacred Texts Rules Rituals Holidays Belief about life after death Belief about how to reach salvation
Worthy of religious respect ex: holy books, religious figures, religious sites, etc.
Non-religious in nature ex: American public school system
Government ruled by a god or religious leader ex: Iran, Vatican City
Strict literal interpretation and complete following of holy book/beliefs of a religion ex: taliban forcing all of society to follow their interpretation of Islam
The act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence for god ex: images of Prophet Muhammad are blasphemous in Islam