-Wilson 14 points. Self determination-ethnicities choose own borders, leaders. Emergence of Austria, Hungary, turkey, Finland, Yugoslavia, baltic, Czechoslovakia. -League of Nations, peace keepers. Economic sanctions, 3rd party problem solvers. No military, US, Germ, USSR not involved -Increased opposition to imperialism India, Vietnam(europeans get self determination but the colonies don't)
-1929-WWII Overproduction: assembly lines. People stop buying, more stuff, price decreases. Deflation, farmers lose money. Unemployed formers/workers. -Bank system failure: loans and stocks, prices start getting too high, stock inflates people stop buying, led to crash. banks go out of business, people rush to take out their own money.
-1937 Japan invade China, start 2nd Sino-Japanese war -overwhelm/occupy main cities, go over board, extremely violent. -Anglo-American oil embargo. Cut off Japan from oil to try to get them to stop.(Japan doesnt have oil reserves) -Japan tries to take all of Dutch East Indies oil holdings, not successful -attack Pearl Harbor, and western powers in E/SE Asia
-Potsdam Conference 1945- agree on self determination of Europe. 4 zones of Germany united into one. USSR violates this. force eastern to become communists -Soviet Berlin blockade 1947, airlift by GB and US to save them -Soviets support native communist parties, fund and control as puppets (satellite states) buffer for west -peasants party oppressed
Unstable, economically. Communist, socialist became popular. Self determination, let them choose. -Marshal plan, 1947 US lends money to France and anyone, creates opportunities -GATT treaty, get rid of tariffs/free market economy, economies recover, gov stabilized, decrease communism -heavy US influence on euro culture. French dislikes-anti americanization
-Influenced by existentialism -Christianity: beleived follow the state. After totalitarianism, changes mind. Resist evil/corrupt gov -Prot: pastor Bonhoeffer-Confessing Church. They opposed Nazis -Cath: opposed USSR, John Paul ii helps -Vatican Liberation theology 1. aid to poor 2. tolerant of other religions 3. accept science