Module 4: Body Composition and Weight Management

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17 Terms
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energy balance
the relationship between your caloric input and your caloric expenditure.
the equation for energy balance
Energy input (calories in) > Energy output (calories out) =energy balance
positive energy balance
energy intake is greater than your energy output
equation for positive energy balance
Energy input > Energy output = weight gain
negative energy balance
occurs when you burn more calories then you consume
equation for negative energy balance
energy input > Energy = weight loss
energy input
the food that you eat and drink that provides different amounts of energy. Such as every gram of protein and carbs provide 4 calories, and fat provides 9 calories per gram
energy output
happens when your body uses energy
basal metabolic rate (BMR)
the number of calories you would expend if you rested for 24 hours
body composition
the body's relative amount of fat free mass and fat mass is generally expressed as a percentage total body weight
Body Mass Index (BMI)
The measurement of height (m2) and weight (kg) suggests that a person's body's weight should be proportional to their height.
visceral fat
Fat that lies deeper in the body surrounding the body's organs
subcutaneous fat
fat located under the skin
adipose tissue
located on the surface of the body and surrounding the body's organs
android shape
Abdominal fat storage patterns are generally compared to the shape of an apple
gynoid shape
characterized by fat storage in the lower body such as the hips and buttocks. Mostly in woman
who is Adam Driver
A. a really hot dude B. is a actor C. the love of my life/husband D. All of the above
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