Jackson led his militiamen into battle in the Southeast during the Creek War, a side conflict that started between different groups of Muskogee Indians in Alabama.
He won the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814.
He defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans a year later.
Jackson's troops, including backwoods militiamen, free African Americans, Indians, and a company of slavetrading pirates, successfully defended the city and inflicted more than two thousand casualties against the British.
The news of the treaty had not arrived in New Orleans.
Jackson's military career did not end after the War of 1812.
Jackson launched an invasion of Florida as commander of the U.S. southern military district.
American settlers were attacked by the Seminole Indians across the border.
In 1816, Jackson's troops destroyed the "Negro Fort," a British-built fortress on Spanish soil, killing 270 former slaves and executing some survivors.
Jackson executed two British subjects for helping the Seminoles after they occupied the main Spanish town in the region.
The international diplomatic crisis was created by the execution of the two Britons.
Jackson's behavior was useful to Secretary of State John Quincy Adams.
Jackson's legend was created because of Adams' use of Jackson's military successes in the First Seminole War to persuade Spain to accept the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819.
In 1824, four nominees competed for the presidency in one of the closest elections in American history.
Adams from Massachusetts, Jackson from Tennessee, William H. Crawford from Georgia, and Henry Clay from Kentucky came from different parts of the country.
Jackson got more popular votes than anyone else.
The election was thrown into the House of Representatives because there was no majority winner in the Electoral College.
Adams persuaded Clay to support him in his bid for the presidency.
Jackson would never forgive Adams, who his supporters accused of engineering a "corrupt bargain" with Clay to circumvent the popular will.
Jackson's supporters accused Adams of elitism and claimed that he had offered the Russian emperor an American prostitute while he was a diplomat.
Adams's supporters accused Jackson of murder and attacked the morality of his marriage, pointing out that Jackson had married his wife before the divorce on her prior marriage was complete.
Andrew Jackson easily won the election, but Rachel Jackson died before his inauguration.
Jackson wouldn't forgive the people who attacked his wife's character.
Jackson's appeal as a military hero won him presi dency.
He was the leader of plain frontier folk in New Orleans.
Many voters were proud of his wartime accomplishments.
He would claim to represent the interests of ordinary white Americans, especially from the South and West, against the country's wealthy and powerful elite over the next eight years.
He and his allies would go through a series of bitter political struggles because of this attitude.
Almost every American had an opinion about Jackson.
He epitomized democratic government and popular rule.
He was seen as the worst in a powerful and unaccountable executive, acting as president with the same arrogance he had shown as a general.
Jackson's no-holds-barred approach to government was defined by the sectional dispute over national tax policy that was one of the key issues dividing Americans during his presidency.
The so-called Tariff of Abominations was hated by most southerners when Andrew Jackson was in the White House.
The import tax gave protection to manufacturing interests in the north.
Southerners blamed the tariffs for a huge transfer of wealth.
European countries retaliated with high tariffs of their own, reducing foreign purchases of the South's raw materials.
The orga nized action only happened in South Carolina.
The state was still trying to shrug off the economic problems of the Panic of 1819, but it had also recently been affected by the Danes Vesey slave conspiracy, which convinced white South Carolinians that antislavery ideas put them in danger of a massive slave uprising.
South Carolina's elite were worried that the tariffs would be used to limit slavery.
The real fear was that the federal government would attack the peculiar domestick institution of the Southern States.
The doctrine of nullification was laid out in the "South Carolina Exposition and Protest," an essay and set of resolutions that were drafted secretly.
He thought that since the states had created the Union, they were still their own, so they could ignore a federal statute they considered unconstitutional.
The right of nullification would have to be conceded by other states.
There is a chance that a state could leave the Union.
Jackson was angry when the essay's author was made public, interpreting it as a challenge to his authority as president.
During the commemoration for Thomas Jefferson, he had a confrontation with Calhoun.
The Union is next to our Liberty.
Their divorce was not pretty.
The nickname "the Little Magician" was given to Martin Van Buren, a New York political leader who was the new vice president when Jackson ran for reelection.
The federal tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were nullified by a special state convention.
They were declared unconstitutional and null and void by the convention and South Carolina customs officers were ordered not to collect revenue from the federal government.
President Jackson responded quickly.
Disunion, by armed force, is a reason.
He persuaded Congress to pass a Force Bill that would allow him to send the military to enforce the tariffs.
Other southern states refused to join South Carolina.
Privately, Jackson supported the idea of compromise and allowed his political opponent Henry Clay to broker a solution.
The compromise bill lowered federal tariffs slowly.
The Force Bill was nullified by Carolina.
It's hard to sort out the legacy of the crisis.
Jackson's actions seemed to have forced South Carolina to back down.
Two concepts that had not been linked before were united by the crisis.
nullification showed that the political power of slaveholders was matched only by their anxiety about the future of slavery.
The Nullification Crisis was raised in later debates in the 1840s and 1850s.
The "Petticoat Affair" began as a disagreement among elite women in Washington, D.C., but eventually led to the dissolution of Jackson's cabinet.
Presi dent Jackson chose mostly provincial politicians, not Washington veterans, to serve in his administration.
Jackson nominated his friend John Henry Eaton, a senator from Tennessee, to be his secretary of war.
Margaret O' Neale Tim berlake was married to a navy officer.