When we look at the data, we can see that many postcommunist countries are performing better than the United States or the United Kingdom.
Mass education and health care are examples of social institutions created under communism.
The area of LGBT rights is not yet covered by such progress.
Most of the states from the former Soviet Union do not allow for same sex partnerships.
Russia and Central Asia are two places where discrimination has grown.
The modernization under communism did not happen, which is one of the greatest puzzles regarding the In Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
Europe and the Soviet Union were on the verge of breaking up in 1989 as educated class of professioncommunism was coming to an end in East.
The civil society reacted to a wave of political protests that threatened to bring down the communist government because it was unable to deliver economic growth or regime.
Existing standards of living are maintained by student protesters.
These protesters numbered in the tens of thousands because Gorbachev initiated reforms precisely because he faced a crisis of legitimacy and thousands in Beijing alone.
Many people had faith in communism.
The process was amplified by international factors.
The actions of the Cold War were influenced by Gorbachev's desire to end.
The revolution never occurred because of the Union's military control over Eastern Europe.
Although there were massive public protests, cultural forces also played a role, for many to block the approach of the military, army Eastern European societies viewed their prounits violently forced their way into Tianan tests as part of a quest to return to Europe.
Estimates are that hundreds of people died under Soviet rule.
Thousands of people were arrested.
Rival nationalisms within the Soviet Union led puzzling in comparison with what happened in to violent clashes, even war, between the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, where different ethnic groups that helped bring most regimes were overwhelmed by largely down the country as a whole.
The levels of Communism and Postcommunism were behind the levels of the Soviet Union or Eastern Europe.
The student protests contained the seed of civil society, but they were small compared to the size of the Chinese public.
China's reforms had begun earlier and had led to the doubling of its economy over the course of that same decade, despite the fact that economic reforms in the Soviet Union in the 1980s were a late and limited response to the stagnation of a central planned industrial economy.
The government's legitimacy was strengthened by this view.
In the Soviet Union, leaders retained a firm conviction to occurring, even though it seems like they were closer to bers.
According to documents leaked, the Tiananmen Square protests would undermine the country's progress.
Gorbachev and others argued that communist reforms would affect Russia.
The view that the LGBT community is pedophiles and agents of the West is a view that has been promoted during the Soviet era.
Public opinion surveys show a higher level of homophobia in European postcommunist countries compared to countries that did not experience communism, and this is true for most postcommunist states that are now EU members.
Russia, China, and most other postcommunist states have seen a decline in homophobia.
According to Marxist thought, capitalism would inevitably lead to great industrialization but also to great injustice, a contradiction that would result in its downfall.
Communism would build a society of equality on the ruins of capitalism.
It was a difficult task to build communism.
People in communist systems were not given much incentive for hard work or innovation.
Attempts to solve these problems led to col apse.
Attempts to rehabilitate a dilapidated house that reveal the whole structure to be unsound will only make the situation worse.
Either the whole structure is demolished or it is demolished by it.
People in a number of Eastern European countries decided to destroy communism in 1989.
The Communist Party and Soviet society were included in the structures of the Soviet Union.
China seems to be in a process of endless remodeling, while other communist countries, such as North Korea, have yet to carry out any major reforms.
It's not clear what the future will bring to the postcommunist world.
The world's societies are trying to balance freedom and equality again.
New political, economic, and social institutions are needed, but they must be forged out of the rubble of the old order, a situation that is creating unique difficulties and contradictions.
Over the past decade, both individual freedom and collective inequality have grown in many countries.
Society has been reborn alongside conflict and hostility.
The results of this diverse process have been dramatic.
authoritarianism and state- dominated economies remain in place in some countries while democracy and capitalism are institutionalized in others.
Over time, these countries become increasingly different.
Economic growth and democracy were not without challenges.
Economic difficulties, political instability, and nondemocratic rule are more common in parts of the former Soviet Union.
Questions remain about China and Russia.
The legacies of communism are likely to last a long time.