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CHAPTER 2 -- Part 8: 2
After the stock market crashed in October 1929, Zelda Fitzgerald experienced the first of several nervous breakdowns triggered by schizophrenia and attempted suicide.
At the same time that the world careened into the Great Depression, she and Scott experienced the "crack up" of their hopes and sanity.
The death of the stock market in 1929 was caused by the gaiety of the Jazz Age.
The twenties were only for a small group of affluent Americans, but those years involved the belief in freedom for the sake of nothing but the enjoyment of one's freedom.
The title of one of Fitzgerald's earliest novels seemed to have predicted the hollowness and aimlessness of the Jazz Age.
The American economy grew at its fastest rate in history during the 1920s as mass production and sales of new consumer goods increased.
Millions of Americans were encouraged to purchase automobiles, radios, and other electrical appliances because of innovations in production, advertising, and financing.
Ford Motor Company pioneered mass production using moving assembly lines, a highly efficient method that helped make its cars affordable for a majority of Americans.
Consumer debt increased during the twenties.
Mass culture was brought about by innovations in com munications such as the growth in radio ownership, transportation, finance, and advertising.
The traditional order was challenged by new social and cultural trends.
To be "modern" meant to break free of tradition, violate restrictions, shock the public, and make one's works difficult to explain or interpret.
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