Korea continued its dual pattern of development after the nations force ended.
A continued division of Korea was produced by North Korea.
There was little change in the late 1980s.
American troop levels were reduced but the South Korean army gained more sophisticated military equipment as a result of a mutual defense treaty.
The United States gave economic aid to the country in order to prevent starvation.
South Korea's politics continued to be authoritarian.
The army took over effective rule of the country in 1961.
The communists could not threaten the Nationalist regime because they did not have a navy.
A huge military force was drawn from the mainland to impose over the Taiwanese majority of Chinese leadership.
The need to keep in check disaffected indigenous Taiwanese, who grew restive as Chinese migrants dominated political and economic life on the island, was amplified by the authoritarian political patterns the nationalists had developed in China.
Hostility with the communist regime was high.
As the United States backed up its ally, the communists bombarded two small islands controlled by the nationalists.
China agreed to fire on the islands on alternate days, while the U.S. ships supplied them on the off days.
The United States persuaded Chiang to abandon his intentions of attacking the mainland.
When Taiwan's prosperity seemed assured, the United States ended its economic aid in the 1960s.
Agreement was reached between Hong Kong center and British rule.
The Chinese population grew at various points in Britain and the People's republic after communist rule.
The British naval base in Malaysia was retained until 1997 after China returned to Singapore.
In 1965, Singapore became an independent nation.
The political situation of many east Asian nations improved by the end of the 1950s.
Combining Western contacts with traditions of group loyalty, these areas moved from an impressive economic recovery to new international influence on the basis of manufacturing and trade.
Conservative stability was the main focus of postwar Japanese politics.
The government was held by the party from 1955 onward.
Changes in leadership, which at times were frequent, were handled through negotiations among the Liberal Democratic elite, not directly as a result of shifts in voter preference.
Many of the features of Meiji Japan and the Japan of the 1920s were revived by this system.
The Liberal Democrats' willingness to consult opposition leaders about major legislation during the 1970s and 1980s reinforced Japan's political unity.
There were new questions raised at the end of the 1980s when several Liberal Democratic leaders were branded by corruption.
Japan's political atmosphere after the war was strong in cooperation with business.
The state set production and investment goals and lent public resources to encourage investment.
Population growth slowed because the government promoted birth control and abortion.
The tradition of state-sponsored discipline is strong.
Japanese culture preserved important traditional elements, which provided aesthetic and spiritual satisfactions, despite rapid economic change.
There were customary styles in poetry, painting, tea ceremonies, and flower arrangements.
The emperor presided over a poetry contest on New Year's Day and masters of traditional arts were honored as Living National Treasures.
The Noh theater flourished.
The country's earlier history is often recalled in Japanese films and novels.
The "international style" pioneered in the West was often infused with earlier J apanese motifs, such as stylized nature painting, by Japanese painters and architects.
The Japanese flute and zither were used in the works of Western composers.
Cultural combinations can be hard to perfect.
Key intellectuals used art and literature to protest change after World War II.
The flamboyant postwar writer Hiraoka Kimitoke was a case in point.
His novels and dramas dealt with controversial themes such as homosexuality while also updating versions of the Noh plays.
He was too sickly to serve in World War II.
He wanted to create cults of body building and Samurai discipline.
He came to hate Western ways after first enjoying them.
He formed a private army to restore Japanese ideals.
Mishima performed a ritual suicide after finishing his last novel.