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6 -- Part 5: Sub-Saharan Africa
Eighty four percent of oil rich people in Nigeria engage in the practice of hacking into oil pipelines to steal crude oil, which is Nigeria's national energy supply.
It can be sold locally or abroad in large countries.
The informal practice leaves the delta polluted and cuts into Nigeria's national oil production.
This is why energy production places a lot of strain on forests and vegetation in the region, and why so many countries are developing alternatives such as hydroelectricity and solar power.
The smoke that fills homes is an environmental issue for the majority of Africans.
Developing oil and natural gas reserves is not a sure path to economic development, and some have called it a curse for Sub-Saharan Africa.
Politicians and oil executives in Nigeria have prospered from oil profits.
Many places in the Niger Delta don't have roads, electricity, or schools.
Nigeria is a cautionary tale about the limits of oil's ability to foster development.
Sub-Saharan Africa is famous for its wildlife.
Large mammals are abundant and diverse in the region.
The survival of wildlife here reflects the historically low human population density and the fact that sleeping sickness and other diseases have kept people and their livestock out of many areas.
12 percent of the region is included in nationally protected lands, and many African peoples have developed various ways of coexisting with wildlife.
In the region, wildlife is declining as it is elsewhere in the world.
Half of the world's rhinos are protected by these reserves.
Major tourist attractions are a result of a sudden spike in poaching.
Four rhinos a day were thought to be the most secure in Africa in 2015.
The elephant was killed.
The rhino, a protected species in the wild, is being challenged by this latest wave of killings.
Climate Change, political instability, and population pressure make it difficult to maintain large wildlife reserves in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Convention on International Trade in Endan Africa poses extreme risks due to global climate change.
Zimba Africa is the world's lowest emitting of greenhouse gases but it is likely to experience greater-than-average human growth and the sale.
Lifting the ban on resources to respond and adapt to environmental would bring on a new wave of illegal trade.
In the late 1990s, the ban was lifted so that some regions such as the Horn of Africa, and the coastal lowlands of West Africa, could sell off their inventories of grassland.
Climate change models suggest that the last legal auction of elephant ivory was in 2008 and that officials have been reluctant to hold more auctions.
The rhinoceros is in danger.
The marginal may become more productive.
The gal market for rhino horn is lucrative, with most of the effects likely to be offset by the decline in demand from Vietnam and China.
The ground rhino horn of southern Africa, especially in Zambia and Zimbabwe, is often used as a medicine.
Africa's rhinos are in South Africa, and half of them are in omy, according to Elizabeth Lunstrum, who says 80 percent of Sub- Saharan could deplete wildlife populations.
As in Latin America, higher temperatures in the tropics could lead to the expansion of diseases such as ders Mozambique.
More than 1,200 rhinos have until now been relatively rare, due to a spike in shot as Malaria and a rise in the number of dehorned rhinos.
The high was reported in South Africa.
The negative consequences of rhinos being killed in Kruger ing sea level would be felt on the West African coast National Park alone.
This is an international as well as a Gabon, due to the fact that many of the attackers are from there.
Even without the threat of climate change, famine officials are using drones and military personnel in many areas of Africa.
There was a attempt to stop the slaughter.
In southern Africa in the year 2015-2016, tecting these animals is proving difficult, even with these resources.
The factors that make Sub-Saharan Africans will lead to food consumption gaps.
Along a continuum from food secure to famine, Gondwana, Great Rift Valley, Great Escarpment, Horn insecurity can be found.
Much of Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, and even portions of South Africa and Mozambique were rated poor to failure with regard to basic Population and Settlement: Young food production.
The most important production zones for all of southern Africa are these areas.
The population of Sub-Saharan Africa is growing quickly.
The projected population for Africa south of the Sahara is worryingment agencies, especially in rural areas.
It has a very young population, with 43 percent of the people younger than 15 years old, compared to 16 percent for developed countries.
3 percent of the region's population is not.
In Europe, 16 percent of the population is over the age of 65.
Since the late 1980s, a woman has averaged five births per year to map areas of potential famine.
Maternal and child mortality rates are high in southern Africa, but child mortality rates have declined.
The region's low life expectancy, which dropped to 50 years in 2008 due to the AIDS epidemic, is currently estimated at 57 years.
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