16.2: Insight Therapies: Acquiring Understanding -- Part 2
She has psychological problems.
Come and explain your thoughts.
What do you want your client to do?
I can see it.
She can be mean.
Tell me more.
I can see it.
Client doesn't know how he feels about her.
I still love her.
I'm not sure I understand you.
Sometimes she is nice and other times she is not.
People with psychological difficulties are different and sometimes opposing "incomplete gestalts" because they've excluded from their awareness experiences and aspects of personality into a unified of their personality that causes anxiety.
In order to integrate sense of self different and sometimes opposing aspects of clients' personality into a unified sense of self, Gestalt therapists aim.
The key to personal growth is accepting responsibility for one's feelings and maintaining contact with the here and now, rather than imagining the future.
The importance of awareness, acceptance, and expression of feelings is recognized by many therapies.
The "good boy" versus the "spoiled brat" may be the focal point of the interchange.
This procedure allows a synthesis of the opposing sides, according to therapists.
The good boy, always eager to please others, may learn from a conversation with the spoiled brat that it's acceptable in certain instances to be assertive.
The "good brat" is more authentic than either personality aspect alone.
The EXISTENTIAL THERAPY aims to integrate opposing aspects of the client's personality.
Unlike person-centered therapy, which emphasizes the importance of self actualization, and Gestalt therapy, which emphasizes the value of awareness and expression of feelings, existential therapists contend that human beings construct meaning and that mental illness stems from a failure to find meaning in life.
Victor Frankl's views are influenced by his experiences in the dehumanizing environment of four Nazi concentration camps where he lost his parents, his brother, and his wife.
Frankl came to believe that human beings can preserve spiritual freedom and independence of mind even in the face of enormous psychological and physical stress.
He relates the story of being ordered to march along with his fellow concentration camp survivors.
Frankl found inner strength after he was able to summon the mental image of his new wife.
Frankl is able to retain hope and dignity even in a concentration camp because of the freedom to find meaning in existence.
This freedom allows us to confront our inescapable confrontation with death.