31 -- Part 15: Global Recovery and Division Between Superpowers 1945 to the Present
The effort is needed to remain free of corruption in the environment.
Mohandas Gandhi's drive toward Indian independence was accelerated by the World War II because fear was an important part of everyday existence.
Gandhi called on the British to "quit India" in 1942.
Fear is the order of the day within a system that denies basic human rights.
Fear of imprisonment, fear of torture, fear of death, fear of losing friends, family, property or means of livelihood, fear of poverty, fear of isolation, fear of failure.
A form of fear is that masquerades as common sense or even wisdom, condemning as foolish, reckless, insignificant or futile the small, daily acts of courage which help to preserve man's self-respect and inherent human dignity.
It is not easy for a person conditioned by fear to free themselves from their fear.
Fear is not the natural state of civilized man, even under the most crushing state machinery.
The wellspring of courage and endurance in the face of power is a belief in the sanctity of ethical principles and a historical sense that the condition of man is set on an ultimate course for both spiritual and material advancement.
Man is different from the brute because of his capacity for self-improvement and self-redemption.
At the root of human responsibility is the idea of perfection, the urge to achieve it, and the will to follow in her father's footsteps.
It is man's vision of a world fit for rational, civilized humanity name of enduring truths, to resist the corrupting influ which leads him to dare and to suffer to build societies free from want ences of desire, ill will, ignorance and fear.
Freedom from stand against ruthless power is one of the basic freedoms that men aspire to but are often dismissed as trite.
Michael institutions have been established as a guarantee by Aris.
It is necessary to learn to liberate Michael Aris and Aung San first.
They ate their own minds from apathy and fear.
The division of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. is called Viking Penguin.
How does she reconcile her struggle with her qualities of those who rise up to meet the challenge?
A gift of fearlessness may be more than 3.
The Congress Party's prime political rival was able to increase its influence.
The rival to the Indian National Congress Party was worried about Hindu domination of an independent state.
The right of Muslim areas to separate from the Hindu majority was argued for.
In Jinnah's view, Indian Hindus and Muslims constituted two completely separate cultures, one as a numerical minority and the other as majority.
The survival of the Muslim culture would only be ensured by a two-nation solution.
Gandhi thought Jinnah's two nation theory was false and promised the victory of hate over love.
Conflicting Hindu and Muslim nationalisms and religious hatred led to the deaths of many people in India in 1946.
When it became clear that Jinnah and the Muslim League would accept nothing less than an independent Pakistan, Britain proposed partition.
Both sides agreed.
India and Pakistan gained political independence at midnight on August 14, 1947.
Communal strife exploded into an orgy of massa cres and mass expulsions in the weeks after independence.
An estimated 5 million Hindus and Muslims became refugees.
Congress Party leaders were powerless to stop the violence.
Gandhi was killed in January 1948 by a Hindu fanatic.
There is violence and fighting.
There were large Hindu and Muslim minorities in the disputed area of Kashmir, which is a strategically important northwestern border state in Kashmir, the Punjab, and Bengal.
The partition of the world in the twentieth century resulted in a Muslim majority being annexed by India, forced exchange of populations, and greater homogeneity on both sides of the border until 1949.
Map 32.2 shows the years 1971 and 1999.
Pakistan and the Creation Pakistan's western and eastern provinces shared the Muslim faith but were separated by more than a thousand miles of Indian territory.
After Jinnah's death, the central government neglected the Bengalis of East Pakistan, who were the majority of Pakistan's population.
East Pakistan was a colony of West Pakistan.
In 1971 the Bengalis won their independence and became the new nation of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh, a secular democracy, found genuine political stability for the next twenty years.