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40.2 Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland
The location of the receptors is related to the hormones.
The helps regulate the internal environment of the body.
The heartbeat, blood pressure, appetite, body temperature, and water balance are influenced by the autonomic nervous system.
There are two parts to the pituitary, the anterior and the anterior pituitary.
The hormones are produced by the nerve cells in the hypothalamus.
The water-salt balance of the blood is sensitive to certain neurons in the hypothalamus.
The cells determine that the blood is too concentrated.
Water is reabsorbed when it reaches the kidneys.
The ADH is no longer released as the blood becomes less red.
Stable conditions are maintained by negative feedback.
The hypothalamus andposterior pituitary produce hormones.
Two hormones, ADH and oxytocin, are produced by the hypothalamus.
Patients with this condition produce a lot of urine and can become severely dehydrated if the condition is not treated.
It helps explain the frequent urination associated with drinking alcohol.
The more the uterus contracts during labor, the more nerve impulses reach the hypothalamus.
The more a baby suckles, the more oxytocin is released.
In both instances, the release of oxytocin from the Page 751 posterior pituitary is controlled by positive feedback that continues to bring about an effect that ever increases in intensity.
Sex satisfaction and emotional bonding may be affected by the effects of roxtocin on semen through the male reproductive tract.
There is a portal system between the hypothalamus and the anterior pituitary.
A particular hypothalamic-inhibiting hormone prevents the anterior pituitary from secreting prolactin and stimulates the anterior pituitary to produce a thyroid-stimulating hormone.
The anterior pituitary makes hormones.
The anterior pituitary and the hypothalamus are the two main hormones that control the rest of the body.
The affect glands produce hormones.
Negative feedback control over the first two hormones is achieved by the blood level of thehormone in the sequence.
The amount of hormones produced by the hypothalamus and pituitary glands are controlled by feedback mechanisms.
The hormones produced by the anterior pituitary don't affect other hormones.
"milk" is only produced after the baby is born.
It causes the breasts to produce milk.
It plays a role in metabolism.
The melanocyte-stimulating hormone is a hormone.
Skin cells that produce color variations are caused by "cell") Humans have very low concentrations of this hormone.
Growth hormone, or somatotropic hormone, is a growth hormone.
It increases the rate at which some acids enter cells.
It also promotes fat metabolism.
During childhood and adolescence, the amount of GH produced is greatest.
Low blood sugar is a problem for such children because of the effect of GH.
Growth patterns can be restored through the administration of GH.
The person may become a giant if they have too much GH.
Giants have poor health because elevated GH cancels out the effects of insulin, which can lead to diabetes.
The chin, nose, and eyebrow ridges can become large because long bone growth is no longer possible in adults.
Overproduction of GH in the adult causes Acromegaly.
The bones in the face, fingers, and toes are enlarged as a person ages.
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