During the period of revolutionary struggle and the creation of a federal system, the former British colonies in America viewed themselves as independent political units.
The creation of a federal system of government made their individual powers subservient to a central authority.
The United Nations Human Development Indicators can be found at http://hdr.undp.org.
The World Bank, "A Slowdown in Social Gains," and the United Nations Development Programme are also available on the World Bank website.
An extensive discussion of the different forms of electoral systems and other aspects of voting and elections can be found at the ACE Electoral Knowledge Network website.
The Center for Voting and Democracy website has advocates for majority SMDs in the United States.
There are 6 notes in chapter 6.
You can see the Freedom House.
The World Values Survey Wave 6 findings can be found at www.worldvaluessurvey.org.
There is a discussion of the 2016 edition of World Development Indicators.
You can see the w 5.
"An Overview of Growing Income Inequalities inOECD Countries: Main Findings" was published in 2011.
There are A-10 notes.
Chapter 11 is about globalization and the future of comparative politics.
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division can be found at www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates15.shtml.
There is a proposal among twelve countries to liberalize trade.
Permission was granted for this article to be reproduced.
Permission was granted for this article to be reproduced.
ESSENTIALS OF COMPARATIVE POLITICS 6E TITLE PAGE COPYRIGHT CONTENTS
LIST OF MAPS
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
1.INTRODUCTION What Is Comparative Politics? The Comparative Method Can We Make a Science of Comparative Politics? A Guiding Concept: Political Institutions A Guiding Ideal: Reconciling Freedom and Equality In Sum: Looking Ahead and Thinking Carefully INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: CAN WE MAKE A SCIENCE OF POLITICS?
2.STATES Defining the State The Origins of Political Organization The Rise of the Modern State Comparing State Power Legitimacy Centralization or Decentralization Power, Autonomy, and Capacity INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: WHY HAS PAKISTAN SLID TOWARD STATE FAILURE? In Sum: Studying States
3. NATIONS AND SOCIETY Ethnic Identity National Identity Citizenship and Patriotism Ethnic Identity, National Identity, and Citizenship:Origins and Persistence Ethnic and National Conflict Political Attitudes and Political Ideology Political Attitudes Political Ideology Religion, Fundamentalism, and the Crisisof Identity Political Culture INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: HOW HAS INDIA HELD TOGETHER? In Sum: Society and Politics
4. POLITICAL ECONOMY The Components of Political Economy Markets and Property Public Goods Social Expenditures: Who Benefits? Taxation Money, Inflation, and Economic Growth Regulation Trade Political-Economic Systems Liberalism Social Democracy Communism Mercantilism Political-Economic Systems and the State:Comparing Outcomes Measuring Wealth Measuring Inequality and Poverty Human Development Index (HDI) Happiness The Rise and Fall of Liberalism? INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: WHY HAVE POVERTY AND INEQUALITY DECLINED INLATIN AMERICA? In Sum: A New Economic Era?
5. DEMOCRATIC REGIMES Defining Democracy Origins of Democracy Contemporary Democratization Modernization and Democratization Elites and Democratization Society and Democratization International Relations and Democratization Culture and Democratization Institutions of the Democratic State Executives: Head of State and Head of Government Legislatures: Unicameral and Bicameral Judiciaries and Judicial Review Models of Democracy: Parliamentary, Presidential,and Semi-Presidential Systems Parliamentary Systems Presidential Systems Semi-Presidential Systems Parliamentary, Presidential, and Semi-Presidential Systems:Benefits and Drawbacks Political Parties Electoral Systems Referendum and Initiative INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: WHAT EXPLAINS DEMOCRATIZATIONIN ASIA? Civil Rights and Civil Liberties In Sum: Future Challenges to Democracy
6. NONDEMOCRATIC REGIMES Defining Nondemocratic Rule Totalitarianism and Nondemocratic Rule Origins and Sources of Nondemocratic Rule Modernization and Nondemocratic Rule Elites and Nondemocratic Rule Society and Nondemocratic Rule International Relations and Nondemocratic Rule Culture and Nondemocratic Rule Nondemocratic Regimes and Political Control Coercion and Surveillance Co-optation: Corporatism and Clientelism Personality Cults Models of Nondemocratic Rule Personal and Monarchical Rule Military Rule One-Party Rule Theocracy Illiberal Regimes INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: WHAT EXPLAINS THE DIFFERENT PATHS OF ZIMBABWE AND SOUTH AFRICA? In Sum: Retreat or Retrenchment for NondemocraticRegimes?
7. POLITICAL VIOLENCE What Is Political Violence? Why Political Violence? Institutional Explanations Ideational Explanations Individual Explanations Comparing Explanations of Political Violence Forms of Political Violence Revolution Terrorism Terrorism and Revolution: Means and Ends Political Violence and Religion Countering Political Violence INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: WHY DID THE ARAB SPRING OF 2011 OCCUR? In Sum: Meeting theChallenge of Political Violence
8. DEVELOPED DEMOCRACIES Defining Developed Democracy Freedom and Equality in Developed Democracies Contemporary Challenges for Developed Democracies Political Institutions: Sovereignty Transformed? The European Union: Integration, Expansion, and Resistance Devolution and Democracy Societal Institutions: New Identities in Formation? Postmodern Values and Organization Diversity, Identity, and the Challenge to Postmodern Values Economic Institutions: A New Market? Postindustrialism Maintaining the Welfare State In Sum: Developed Democracies in Transition INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: WHAT EXPLAINS THE GREEKECONOMIC CRISIS?
9. COMMUNISM ANDPOSTCOMMUNISM Communism, Equality, and the Nature of HumanRelations Revolution and the "Triumph" of Communism Putting Communism into Practice Communist Political Economy Societal Institutions under Communism The Collapse of Communism The Transformation of Political Institutions Reorganizing the State and Constructing a Democratic Regime Evaluating Political Transitions The Transformation of Economic Institutions Privatization and Marketization Evaluating Economic Transitions The Transformation of Societal Institutions Changing Identities Evaluating Societal Transitions INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: WHY DID REFORM FAIL IN THE SOVIET UNION BUTSUCCEED IN CHINA? In Sum: The Legacy of Communism
10.DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Freedom and Equality in the Developing World Imperialism and Colonialism Institutions of Imperialism Exporting the State Social Identities Dependent Development The Challenges of Post-Imperialism Building State Capacity and Autonomy Creating Nations and Citizens Generating Economic Growth Puzzles and Prospects for Democracy and Development Making a More Effective State Developing Political Engagement Promoting Economic Prosperity INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: WHY DID ASIA INDUSTRIALIZE FASTER THANLATIN AMERICA? In Sum: The Challenges of Development
11. GLOBALIZATION AND THE FUTUREOF COMPARATIVE POLITICS What Is Globalization? Institutions and Globalization Political Globalization Economic Globalization Societal Globalization Taking Stock of Globalization Is Globalization New? Is Globalization Exaggerated? Is Globalization Inevitable? INSTITUTIONS IN ACTION: DID GLOBALIZATION CAUSE ECONOMICRECESSION? In Sum: The Future of Freedom and Equality