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12.3 Aldehydes and Ketones -- Part 1
xylene is not compatible with water.
The water has more of 1-propanol in it.
propane is not compatible with water.
There is a difference between propanol and 1-hexanol in water.
Draw aldehyde is different from the line-angle formulas of aldehydes and ketones.
The carbonyl group has a strong dipole with a partial negative charge on the oxygen and a partial positive charge on the carbon.
The physical and chemical properties of aldehydes and ketones are influenced by the carbonyl group.
The carbonyl group can be found in both aldehydes and ketones.
The aldehyde group always appears at the Naming Aldehydes and Ketones end of the chain.
The end carbon of aldehydes is the carbonyl group.
The aldehyde of benzene is called benzaldehyde by the IUPAC system.
There are four carbons in the longest carbon chain, which is named butanal.
If you count the carbonyl group as carbon 1, you'll get the name and number of any substituents.
The CH3 group is on carbon 3.
The compound is called 3-methylbutanal.
The most important classes of organic compounds are aldehydes and ketones.
The common names for unbranched ketones are still used because they have played a major role in organic chemistry for more than a century.
The IUPAC system has retained the name acetone.
Carbon chains with five carbon atoms or more are numbered from the end.
The ring starts with the carbonyl carbon as carbon 1.
The lowest possible numbers are given to substituents by the ring's numbered direction.
The longest chain has five carbon atoms.
The location of the carbonyl group is indicated by the number of the carbon chain starting from the end.
The carbonyl group is on carbon 2.
The methyl group is on carbon 4.
The name of the organization is 4-methyl-2-pentanone.
A partially negative oxygen atom and a partially positive carbon atom are contained in the polar carbonyl group.
aldehydes and ketones with one to four carbons are very soluble because the oxygen atom forms hydrogen bonds with water.
Alcohols, Thiols, Ethers, Aldehydes, and Ketones Hydrogen bonds five or more carbon atoms are notsoluble because longer hydrocarbon chains diminish the solubility effect of the polar carbonyl group.
The hydrogen bonds with water are formed by a carbonyl group with an oxygen atom.
The carbonyl group in 2-Hexanone is insoluble in water.
The long hydrocarbon chain would make Practice Problems 12.23 hingal, which is less soluble than ethanal.
Exposure to fumes can cause irritation to the eyes, nose, and upper respiratory tract.
The oil of spear mint contains carvone, which is used to make perfumes.
Draw their line-angle formulas from the IUPAC and common names for aldehydes and ketones.
There are chemical equations for the oxidation of alcohols.
Balanced chemical equations are used to reduce aldehydes and ketones.
A double bond is formed between two carbon atoms.
A double Oxidation of Alcohols bond between carbon and oxygen is produced by the oxidation of a primary alcohol.
The symbol [O] over the arrow indicates that O is obtained from an oxidizer, such as KMnO4 or K2Cr2O7.
Adding another O to form carboxylic acids, which have three carbon-oxygen bonds, oxidizes formaldehyde and ethyl alcohol.
It is difficult to separate the aldehyde product from the oxidation reaction.
The products of secondary alcohols are called ketones.
There were no hydrogen atoms attached to the ketone group.
C bonds are too strong to oxidize.
This alcohol can oxidize to a ketone.
This alcohol can oxidize to an aldehyde.
The formula for the oxidation of 2-pentanol was drawn.
The side chains of cysteine, which contain thiol groups, are cross-linked by disulfide bonds.
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