The city of Santiago was established in 1541, although the Araucanians continued to fight.
The capital of New Spain was abandoned in 1536 because of resistance.
The Amazon basin was penetrated by other expeditions built on the ruins of the Aztec capital.
" Spanish colonial here" was the motto of one captain, and sometimes absolute power could lead to tyranny.
Central America, Mexico, and the southeast received one-fifth of the treasure.
Those who brought horses or had special skills southwest of the present-day might get double shares.
According to the contract, rewards were made.
Since it costs them no work or rule, their money is wasted and they report on the current conditions under Spanish.
Guaman Poma was a Christian.
He wanted to sweat.
Although the Indians ultimately pay the bill, no that his report would reach King Philip III of Spain, who might concern is ever felt for them or even for God to order an end to the worst abuses, among which were the himself.
The rank and status of Indian nobles were not recognized by the Spanish.
His book should not be given to big employers or mine-owners until the 20th century because it was not published in his lifetime.
The appointments should go to Christian gentle men of small means, who have rendered some service to the Quechua as well as Spanish and who had a profound understand of the Crown and are educated and humane, not just greedy.
For its detailed criticism of the abuses suffered by own household is well supplied with servant girls and indoor Indians, and especially because Guaman Poma illustrated his and outdoor staff.
When collecting dues and taxes, a series of drawings give his words a visual effect of imposing penalties and detaining Indians against their will.
There is an effect.
If a complaint is made, the law always favors the man.
The text and drawings give a critical inside view of the employer.
The stewards make an Indian point of view.
All of them and their wives regard themselves as entitled to eat at the Indians at the mercury mines of Huancavelica.
They are hired out for the sake of the wine chiefs and are tortured by being suspended by their feet.
There are conditions for making rope or clothing.
In the silver-mine of Potosi and Chocllococha, or at the gold or night, they are unable to sleep at home.
It is not possible for servant girls to remain chaste to visors who are Spaniards or mestizos.
They will be corrupted and prostituted.
Employers don't feel bad about threatening never brought before the courts, so they don't have reason to fear justice.
The victims are mounted to satisfy their master.
They are deprived of food and their hair is cut off, which is a custom of the Inka.
Pun lords don't fear either God or retribution if there is a shortage in the labor gangs.
The chiefs are judges over our people, who they can reserve instead of the nobility of the country, in their own way as if they were common thieves or traitors eyes.
The work is so hard that it can cause permanent injury to those who survive it.
Wealth day's labor is paid at the rate for half a day and there is no remuneration for the journey to the mines.
Most of the conquerors were not professional sol diers, they represented all walks of Spanish life, including a scattering of gentlemen and former slaves.
There were a few Spanish women on some of the later expeditions, but they were rare.
The conquerors were hoping to better themselves and serve God at the same time.
Most conquerors were always on the lookout for treasure.
These men, many of humble origins, came to see themselves as a new nobility entitled to control over a new peasantry: the American Indians.
There were many reasons for Spanish success.
Horses, firearms, and steel weap ons gave them an advantage over the native peoples.
The leader of Spanish high levels of centralization made the great civilizations vulnerable.
The nomadic tribes of New Spain were usually the ones who offered the stiffest and most continuous resistance when entering the northern frontier.
Merchants, bureaucrats, and mythical cities of gold.
The transition was difficult.
There was a civil war in Mexico in the 1540s, and there was a conquistador who conquered Araucanian.
The creation of law courts in the main centers of Santiago signaled that Spanish America had become of the country in 1541.