Alcoholic beverages have a few components that impart flavor and color.
Beer usually contains some alcohol.
The proof of an alcoholic beverage is twice as high as the percentage of alcohol in it.
Ethanol is used as a gasoline Additive because it increases the octane rating of gasoline and fosters its complete combustion, reducing the levels of pollutants such as carbon monoxide and the precursors of ozone.
There is rubbing alcohol at any drugstore.
It is used to clean wounds and medical instruments.
It is highly toxic to consume it internally.
Four ounces of alcohol can cause death.
Methanol is also called wood alcohol.
Methanol can be used as a laboratory solvent and as a fuel Additive.
Methanol is toxic and should not be consumed.
Alcohols undergo a number of reactions.
Strong bases are formed by alcohols and active metals.
The hydroxyl group is replaced by the halogen in these reactions.
An alkene is formed when alcohols react and eliminate water.
Changes to the carbon atoms in the molecule are oxidation and reduction in organic chemistry.
Oxidation is the loss of hydrogen by a carbon atom.
Reduction is the loss of oxygen or hydrogen by a carbon atom.
In this view, an alcohol can be reduced to a partially oxidized hydrocarbon, or it can be further oxidation to form an aldehyde or carboxylic acid.