The Constitution's elasticity adds to its viability.
Political parties, the president's cabinet, special interest groups, political action committees, and the federal bureaucracy are examples of traditions, precedent, and practice incorporated into our form of government.
New instruments of government can be created with the Constitution's flexibility and adaptability.
The elastic clause and powers given to the Congress in the Constitution are some of the greatest instruments of change that Congress has at its disposal.
The Judiciary Act of 1789 gave Congress the power to expand the size of the government.
Congress has used the elastic clause to pass civil rights legislation, it has broadly interpreted the meaning of interstate commerce, and it has passed a war powers act under its power to declare war.
Most of the political system we are used to is not provided for by the Constitution or any law.
The influence of political parties has become a dominant feature of government despite warnings from the Federalist Papers and George Washington.
The importance of party politics can be seen when the Republican Party can unite and not vote for the president's budget proposal.
This becomes an additional check when a party starts a continuous debate in the Senate to block the passage of legislation.
The Supreme Court went beyond the parameters in establishing precedent.
The Marbury v Madison decision established judicial review and found a way to protect the right of a woman to have an abortion.
Government is made up of custom and tradition.
Washington announced the formation of cabinet positions after executive departments were established.
As they approved additional cabinet positions, Congress codified this concept.
Franklin Roosevelt broke the tradition of a two-term president.
The tradition of limiting presidential terms was made a part of the Constitution after he died.
The presidential succession amendment was passed after John Kennedy's death.
The country didn't realize that Spiro Agnew, the country's vice president, and the president, Richard Nixon, would resign after the assassination.
The document that sets the course for American government was the focus of this chapter.
As you look more closely at the workings of our government and political system, an understanding of the Constitution will make your job easier.
A, B, D, and E are incorrect and choice C is a correct generalization, so you have a broadly defined question with a general statement.
In the 1994 midterm election, voters had the chance to change representatives every two years.
The intent of the decision was not to create gerrymandered districts.
The decision did not affect voting districts for state offices.
The creation of the second National Bank was based on the elastic clause, which is a classic example of an implied power of Congress.
As part of the general-welfare-legislating ability of Congress, the passing of an assault weapons ban as part of a crime bill was implied.
The other choices are examples of delegated powers.
Taking on the role of head of a political party is assumed by the president.
If the president dies in office, the vice president is first in line of succession.
There are other roles for the president and vice president.
President Clinton gave Vice President Gore the job of coming up with a report on how to change government.
Presidential electors were given the responsibility of actually voting for the president after an electoral college was instituted.
The number of electors each state had was determined by its population.
The power of the states is expanded by the Reserved Power Clause.
The passage of the crime bill after the conference is the only choice that does not involve a direct check.
The other choices are great examples of checks and balances.
If there is a greater reliance on the federal government to solve problems, you can conclude that a by-product would be an increased role on the part of the president.
If you knew about the Clarence Thomas nomination, you would know that it is characterized by bitter confirmation battles.
The provision had an impact on public policy.
Explain how the amendment changed public policy.
This clause is often used to justify the federal government's actions regarding issues not originally considered at the Constitutional Convention.
The Brady Bill is an example of the clause's impact on public policy.
The bill mandated a seven-day waiting period prior to the purchase of a gun, during which the purchaser's record would be checked for prior convictions and arrests.
The "necessary and proper" clause has given the federal government the authority to do many things that it would not have been possible for it to do, because the Constitution never specifically granted the government the authority to act with respect to those areas.
The elastic clause can be used to apply the healthcare debate, which has often centered on whether or not the federal government has a duty to pay for an individual's medical services.
The federal government has an obligation and responsibility to fund healthcare if one believes that it is necessary in this day and age.
The process is outlined in the Constitution.
There are two stages to the amendment process.
There are two ways in which the first stage can be achieved.
An amendment can be proposed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress.
The second way is for a national convention to propose an amendment to the constitution.
The second stage of the amending process can be achieved in two different ways.
The first way is for the amendment to be approved by the legislatures of most of the states.
A convention called for by three-fourths of the states is the second way for an amendment to be approved.
The Constitution's flexibility is demonstrated by the Twenty-Fifth Amendment.
There were no provisions for presidential disability when the Constitution was first drafted.
If the president becomes disabled, the vice president assumes the responsibilities of that office until he can resume his duties.
When a president undergoes surgery, the vice president is technically in charge.
After Spiro Agnew resigned and Nixon appointed Gerald Ford, the second part of this amendment was used.
Nelson Rockefeller was appointed vice president by Ford after Nixon resigned.
There are two ways in which the Constitution can be amended.
The Constitution can be amended after a majority of both houses of Congress pass it.
If two-thirds of the states call for a national convention and three-fourths of the states approve, an amendment to the Constitution can be passed.
If the amendment is applied to public policy, a second point will be earned.