2 -- Part 1: AMERICAN CITIZENS AND POLITICAL CULTURE
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You will be able to describe the power relationships among different groups after you've read this chapter.
The colonies split from England due to political reasons.
Explain who won and who lost.
The Constitution was shaped by competing narratives, goals and compromises.
What's at stake.
Governments depend on people believing their power is legitimate when that legitimacy is challenged.
Handling rebellion can be difficult because the United States guarantees free speech and the right to assemble peacefully.
The federal government reacted cautiously when Ammon Bundy, leader of a militia group called Citizens for Constitutional Freedom and the son of anti-government activist Cliven Bundy, responded to what he said was a divine instruction to take over the Malheur National Wildlife refuge in eastern Oregon on January 2.
Two ranchers who were arrested for setting fire to federal land were acting to support the group.
The wildlife refuge land should be returned to the state.
The land was owned by the federal government, but they waited to cause a fight.
As militias joined the effort, police were able to capture several of the leaders in a convoy.
The Malheur National Wildlife refuge occupation reflected a movement that has gained traction in recent years: declaring that the federal government is abusing the power of the Constitution, and that that power must be returned to it.
The bloodiest incident in the anti-government movement was Timothy McVeigh's 1995 attack on the federal building in Oklahoma City, which killed 168 people, including 19 children.
The Tea Party might have been born in 1773 again.
The Tea Party had specific goals.
They opposed the George W.
In response to the economic crisis that began in 2008, the Bush administration took a number of measures, including the Troubled Asset Relief Program and the health reform act.
The Tea Party movement was a mix of many groups, mostly frustrated Republicans, that most Tea Partiers identify with or lean toward.
Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio both ran for the presidency after winning seats in the U.S. Senate with Tea Party support.
Tea Party members elected to Congress caused headaches for the Speaker of the House.
Other members of the rebellion chose less established paths.
He quoted a Tea Party leader so worried about tyranny threatening her country that she could imagine being called to violence in its defense, "I don't see us being the ones to start it, but I would give up my life for my country."
Peaceful means are the best way to go about it.
Sometimes you don't have a choice.
Like the Tea Partier, McVeigh and his associates are everyday men and women who claim to be the heirs of the American Revolution.
The colonial Sons of Liberty rejected the authority of the British government and took it upon themselves to enforce the laws they thought were right.
The Boston Tea Party and the Boston Massacre are historical events that we celebrate as patriotic but that would be considered treason by the British if they happened today.
The federal government has become as oppressive as the British government has ever been, according to the so-called "patriot groups".
They don't agree with federal laws such as limiting the weapons that individual citizens can own, imposing taxes on income, and creating the Federal Reserve Bank.
Members of state militias and other groups take this amendment very seriously.
gun ownership is sacred according to the website teaparty.org, though not representative of all Tea Party groups.
Some militias go further.
They may blend their quest for individual liberty with white supremacy or anti-Semitism to see a conspiracy to reduce the power of white citizens in the government's actions.
Tom Head, a Texas judge, called for a tax increase in August of 2012 so that police could be prepared for what would happen if President Obama were reelected.
Although there are some indications that militia membership had declined after the Oklahoma City bombing, it surged after Obama's first election, as did arguments that the federal government was not legitimate.
A number of writers argue that some of the increased anger is due to demographic change and the presence of a black man in the White House, and that it helped propel Donald Trump to the presidency.
The federal government has reacted to the threat posed by state militias and others who believe that their authority is not legitimate.
The anti-terrorism bill signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996 made it easier for federal agencies to monitor groups involved in terrorism.
The domestic terrorism task force that had been formed after the Oklahoma City bombings but hadn't met since 9/11 was revived in June of last year.
As you read the chapter on the founding of the United States, think about these questions.
At the end of this chapter, we revisit the question of what's at stake for American politics in a revolutionary challenge to government authority.
Democratic societies rely on the consent of their citizens to maintain lawful behavior and public order.
We need to feel good about the American system to be committed to the rules.
In the same way that other nations celebrate their origins all over the world, we celebrate the Fourth of July with fireworks and parades, displaying publicly our commitment to American values and our belief that our country is special.
Bastille Day in France, May 17 in Norway, October 1 in China, and July 6 in Africa are all days when people come together to celebrate their common past and their hopes for the future.
Many nations, not only our own, have amazing stories to tell about their earliest days, as people feel real pride in their countries.
We have to separate myth from reality.
The struggles for power that forged the political system that continues to shape our collective struggles today is what makes the founding of the United States so important to us.