Montesquieu's principle of checks and balances was the basis of the separation of powers in the federal government.
The Articles of Confederation had weaknesses.
Choice D and Choice E deals with different forms of government.
Values such as party identification, views on abortion, and attitudes toward affirmative action can come from a variety of sources.
Choices B, C, D, and E are not in line with this definition.
In both the United States v Nixon case and the Whitewater case, the materials had to be handed over because of executive privilege.
Choices A and B are incorrect.
The controversy never included Choices D and E.
A proportional allocation of electoral votes is one suggestion to reform the system.
The coverage of national elections by the networks should be dealt with in choices A and B.
Choices D and E have never been suggested.
To answer the question correctly, you need to know the definitions of original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction.
The other choices are not correct.
The table shows the type of veto each president uses, regular, which can be voted on by Congress, or pocket, which a president makes when Congress is out of session for ten days.
Ford had more vetoes rejected by Congress than the other president.
Choice A is wrong because vetoes have been sustained.
Congress does not vote on pocket vetoes.
Even though Reagan had the highest number of vetoes sustained, Bill Clinton was more successful.
Clinton never used a pocket veto.
It's a Seventh Amendment right.
The other choices are part of the Fifth Amendment.
Between 2001 and 2010 there were more filibusters started by the Senate than there were between 1989 and 2000.
There were more clotures filed in George W. Bush's presidency than there were in Bill Clinton's.
Choice E is incorrect because cloture votes increased.
The Republicans wanted the power to be turned over to the states.
Choice B is not the same as devolution.
Choices C and D have nothing to do with devolution, and Choice E has consequences for the states, but it doesn't answer the question as directly as Choice A.
The other committees are important in certain situations, but the question asked you to identify a committee that can influence legislation.
The bills reach the floor by the Rules Committee.
Choice A is a good example of pluralism.
Choice B is a form of hyperpluralism.
Choices D and E don't answer the question.
If you know those definitions, you can connect them with a conflict of the free speech provision of the First Amendment.
If a trial occurs over a libel or slander suit, choice A may apply.
A general constitutional guarantee is Choice C. Choices D and E can be used in a trial.
The question is difficult because Choices A and E were from other Marshall cases.
Choices B and D are not true.
To answer the question, you need to know the definition of the person, and you should be aware that there are other approaches a representative can take that do not answer the question.
Choices A, C, and E are not correct.
The House has term limits for committee chairmen.
Choice C does not apply to public policy.
Choice D doesn't have anything to do with what the question is asking.
The line item veto allowed the president to veto any part of the 13 appropriation bills that fund the government and make up the discretionary spending portion of the federal budget.
Choice B only refers to amendments attached to appropriation bills.
Choice C only refers to action taken in the Senate.
There are many bills that are essential and Choice D is wrong.
The president can veto a continuing resolution.
One would want to identify a problem before forming, evaluating, or revising a policy.
Campaign reform legislation should include Choices B, C, D, and E.
Choice C has nothing to do with the exclusionary rule.
Police don't need warrants to get evidence in plain view, and Choice D is a lie.
The new central government couldn't pay off Revolutionary War debts because they couldn't collect taxes.
The other choices do not apply to the Articles.
If you knew that the law was to make it easier to register, you could eliminate Choices A and C. Senior citizens did not have to take advantage of the new law because they were already registered.
The Senate committee holds hearings after an appointment is made.
Supreme Court nominees appear before the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Once the testimony is complete, the committee votes to send the nominee's name to the full Senate, where a majority vote is needed to confirm the appointment.
Senate confirmation is not required for presidential staff appointments such as chief of staff and press secretary.
The House of Representatives does not play a role in this process.
State judges are confirmed by the state legislature or voted on by the people from that state.
The Court does not have a power of choice A.
Choices B, C, and E are not related to the Supreme Court's ability to check congressional power.
Choices A, D, and E are all legitimate tools a president can use, but they do not result in public policy.
Choice C is not the power of the president.
The other choices are incorrect.
Choice A is incorrect.
If Choice B suggested a reduction of federal programs, it would be true.
Choices C and D are incorrect.
One of the few decisions that placed limitations on freedom of speech came from the Supreme Court case.
They are called quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial because they can issue regulations and act as judges to see that they are followed.
There are more primaries than caucuses.
There is a higher voter turnout in the general election than in the primaries.
Women were only one voting group that helped determine the nominee.
George W. Bush was an incumbent in 2004, so Choice D is incorrect.
The question is relatively easy to answer once you realize that the term means moving away from both major political parties.
Choice A is not the same as choice.
Choice B doesn't answer the question.
Choices D and E do not provide the correct answer to the question posed.
Congress became hesitant when the president committed American troops to a foreign nation.
Haiti and Bosnia are recent examples.
The other choices do not contain presidential powers that have been challenged by Congress.
To see how the freshman class of 1994 came into Congress ready to change the rules of the game, you have to go back to 1994.
They succeeded in some way.
The art of compromise is essential to the implementation of public policy.
The other choices are false.
The original case dealt with a state legislature that had major voting representation inequalities.
The elected offices that do not require equal representation are the other choices.
Each state has two senators.
People don't vote for federal judges in states because they have equal weight in voting for a president or governor.
The Bill of Rights was incorporated into state action.
Another amendment was used to accomplish Choice C. The Supreme Court used choice D to interpret the equal protection clause in the case.
The original intent of the amendment is not reflected in Choice E.
Choices A and C are incorrect.
Choices D and E may have some truth, but they don't give a complete answer to the question.
The law-making process is reflected in the other choices.
The equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment was violated by a quota system.
The Brown decision only dealt with the issue of school integration and did not address the issue of quotas.
All government-sponsored affirmative action programs were eliminated in California.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination in public accommodations.
Choice E does not answer the question.
To answer this question, you need to know the definitions of the different types of primaries.
The closed primary is limited by party affiliation.
There is a nonbinding primary that does not lock delegates to the winner.
A presidential preference and a separate slate are voted on in a dual primary.
An open caucus doesn't exist.
The Republicans were in control of the House and Senate.
Choices A, C, D, and E are incorrect.
Legislation may be drafted to deal with the problem that was investigated once the oversight function is complete.
If evidence is brought out in the hearings, a criminal proceeding may result.
There are two examples of oversight hearings.
The functions of congressional committees do not apply to oversight.
It's important because it could affect the number of representatives from a state that has a large homeless population.
The other choices are incorrect.
You need to know some presidential history to answer the question.
The correct answer is Choice D. The Watergate scandal and President Clinton's impeachment led to a decrease in voter turnout.
The graph shows that when the country was at war, turnout was the greatest.
In 1964 and 1980, election years where there were "landslide" victories, Choice B is incorrect.
When Reagan and Clinton were reelected to second terms, turnout decreased.
The line item veto is no longer an option because it was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
The other choices are incorrect because they are not areas that advocacy groups believe would reform campaign finances.
The Supreme Court has declared certain areas illegal.
Choices C and D do not answer the question.
The way in which labor unions funnel contributions to the Democratic Party has made them a target for both Republicans and advocacy groups.
The Republican Party's traditional supporters are reflected in the other choices.
The powers of Congress are one of the choices.
The amendment was defeated twice by the House.
The other choices did not affect the Congress.
It was passed in response to Nixon's actions.
All aspects of budget development are not characteristic of the Impoundment Act.
The House Judiciary Committee must vote on the articles of impeachment before charges can be brought.
If you only think about Clinton's impeachment, you may get confused and choose another choice based on the events surrounding that episode, such as the media frenzy or the use of a special prosecutor's report.
The events are not part of the formal impeachment process.
To answer the question correctly, you have to understand the history of majority-minority districts.
Many of these districts were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
The choices are based on the decisions that were made.
Judicial restraint is what Choices A, B, C, and D are all about.
Choices A and E are not typical of a confederation.
If there are state governments that are part of the system, Choice C can be a part of it.
Choice D is a form of government.
The other choices are incorrect.
If the court ruled that the districts were constitutional, Choice D would be correct.
The other choices are incorrect.
Congress has the power to declare war and appropriate funds to support troops, so choices A and B are incorrect.
Even though the president is considered the Chief of State, it is more of a ceremonial role.
The president has the power to sign treaties, but they must be approved by the Senate.