Grass roots politics on the local level involves door-to-door campaigns to get signatures on petitions, campaigns run through precinct and ward organizations, county committees, and state committees headed by a state chairman.
The influence of local party bosses like Boss Tweed has lessened.
The national political scene is dominated by the outcome of national conventions, which give direction to the national chairperson, the spokesman of the party, and the person who heads the national committee.
The local party machine uses patronage to keep members in line and reward loyal members with jobs.
Maintaining party discipline is helped by the organization of national political parties.
The outcome of elections is influenced by local party organizations and their party machines.
The organization of the national political party is driven by the nominating process.
Even though the national nominating convention still selects presidential candidates, the role of the party caucus and party primary has grown more important.
Publicizing the party's position is one of the functions of the national convention.
Party rules and procedures are also adopted.
This can be an important part of the restructuring of a political party.
The McGovern-Frasier Commission brought significant representation changes to the party after the disastrous 1968 Democratic Convention.
Future conventions were more democratic because of it.
The procedures aim to include more minority representation.
15 percent of the delegates at the Democratic convention were superdelegates in 1982, a commission further reformed the representation of the convention.
Walter Mondale was able to get his nomination in 1984 and Al Gore was able to get his nomination in 2000.
The 2008 Democratic primaries were dominated by superdelegates.
Neither Barack Obama nor Hillary Clinton had a majority of the delegates in the primary elections.
The superdelegates gave Obama a majority and enabled him to win the nomination.
Some people feel that the democratic reforms of the McGovern Commission have been reduced by these delegates.
The Republicans were concerned about regenerating party identification after the Watergate debacle.
They were more interested in making the Republican Party more efficient than in reform.
Their conventions are well planned and well run.
Critics said that the 1992 convention was dominated by the conservative group of the party.
The lesson was learned.
Political scientists concluded that it would be impossible to make a similar mistake because the Republican and Democratic Conventions were so scripted.
The governing body of the political party is the national committee.
It responds to the direction of the national chairperson.
The presidential candidates pick the chairperson.
The real leader of the party in power is the president.
If gains or losses occur in the elections, the chairperson often takes the blame.
The national chairperson's primary duties are to raise money, foster party unity, recruit new voters and candidates, and prepare for the next election.
Both parties work with their national committees to win Senate and House seats that are up for grabs.
Political parties are successful if they involve the average citizen in the political process.
The future is not bright if you develop the vote as the key criteria.
The American electorate has not turned out in large numbers in local or national elections.
Family income, age, education, party identification, and race are some of the factors that affect voter turnout.
There will be a full discussion of this topic.
You need to look at the continuum of political involvement to answer this question.
The majority of the electorate participates in the political process in conventional ways.
Someone is running for office.
Less than half of those who are eligible to vote in most elections actually do.
Civil disobedience and protest are involved in unconventional participation.
The political process has been influenced by activists such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed by elected officials.
The future of political parties depends on how closely associated the voters are with the party.
Traditional party politics are not bright in the future.
There has been a decline in party membership and an increase in the number of independent voters.
There has been more and more ticket splitting, where voters cast their ballots based on each individual candidate running for a particular office.
The impact of the media on the campaign has weakened the ability of the party to get their message out.
The need for elected officials to use traditional party resources has been reduced by the impact of special-interest groups.
If the party is out of power, there are alternative views.
The winner of the election must accept the consequences if they fail to govern the country.
The model of responsible party would help redefine the importance of political parties.
Even though there is a decline in the importance of political parties, it is not likely that our two-party system will change to a multiparty or ideological party system in the future.
The way in which the nomination is obtained is included in the process.
The people who support the party are the constituency.
The agenda is what the party supports.
Legislators take actions that result in a policy.
One of the outcomes of government is the making of public policy.
The United States has always been dominated by a two-party system even though there are many political parties on the ballot.
There have been times when a third party has been influential in the American party system.
The two-party system is not described in Choice D.
The phrase critical election is a hint.
The start of a party era should be evoked by this.
People are moving away from both parties.
The other choices don't result from the situation described.
The Democrats' base is in the Northeast.
Southern conservatives identify with the Republican Party.
The religious right favors Republican candidates.
The answer is Choice D because the Republicans dominate Southern politics.
Choices D and E are not related to personal values.
They are the results of people moving from one party to another.
Before national conventions became more democratic, party bosses molded the platform.
The local and state parties send delegates who are involved in determining the platform.
The people who vote on the party platform are the delegates to the national convention.
The Great Depression and Franklin Roosevelt's election show a change from Republican to Democratic dominance.
If you knew that the Republicans controlled the Senate during the Reagan administration, you would be able to pick A.
Democrats and Republicans could be identified as party identification from 1960 to 2000.
Some people in the population have identified themselves as Independents.
There have been shifts of party loyalty among these groups.
The country was optimistic after the election of John Kennedy and after the assassination of Kennedy.
The distrust the American people had with both the Democratic and Republican Parties resulted in an increase in independent identification.
After Nixon resigned as president, there was an increase in Independent enrollee.
After Reagan was elected, Republican identification increased again.
Independent status is still attractive to many Democrats and Republicans.
The level of dissatisfaction decreases as the age increases.
The younger generation probably has a more liberal point of view on social issues than the older generation.
There has been a Republican Party era since 1968, and the age factor may have a lot to do with that.
Young voters may be looking for a new party that will meet their needs.
The voter discontent increases as the level of education decreases.
More educated people are more likely to know about the political process.
The political talk shows and C-SPAN show the differences between the parties.
55-60 percent of those who are dissatisfied are either college graduates or have some college education.
Independent voters want a third party because they are fed up with the other two.
Many members of the other parties are calling for a third party.
Party members try to find candidates who reflect their views.
When Ross Perot brought up the deficit as the major issue in his campaign, he was well received by the voters.
With the approval ratings of political parties being so low, the lack of party identification should be sending a message to the Democrats and Republicans.
The emergence of a third major political party seems to be on the horizon.
One point is given for identifying trends from the graph.
From 1994 to 2000 there has been a rise in Independents.