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18 -- Part 7: Global Climate
The impacts of climate change will increase somewhat initially, but beyond a rise of 3degC, the ability of nations to ensure social stability will be at risk.
The citizens would be protected from harm.
Many of the world's developing nations suffer from hunger.
Climate change will affect these gains.
The Department of Defense's ability to defend the Nation finds themselves battling catastrophic fires, invasive species, and poses immediate risks to U.S. national security.
According to a report, catastrophic fires are caused in the Defense Department.
Small problems are made larger by threat-multipliers.
People older adults are affected by environmental conditions.
A 1995 heat wave in Chicago killed at least 485 people, and a 2003 heat wave in Europe killed 35,000 people.
A warmer climate can expose us to other health problems.
The war in Syria, conflicts in the Middle East and Africa, and the resulting refugee crisis are all related to air pollution.
The world's militaries and emergency responders will be devoting more and more of their efforts towards the spread of infectious diseases, such as Malaria, in the years ahead.
People will experience a variety of economic costs and benefits from the many impacts of climate change.
Climate change is expected to widen the gap between gains and losses.
The world could lose up to 20% of its GDP by the year 2200 if people don't adapt to climate change.
Calculating damages from climate hundreds of billions of dollars in likely damages from climate change has been done by economists.
In 2015, the U.S. Environmental is used.
The EPA's social cost was calculated by the U.S. government and used to decide if rising greenhouse gas emissions would help the United States with inflation.
By the year 2200, there will be another $1.3- 1.5 trillion.
Many large corporations use their own estimates.
Investing money now to fight climate change will save us a lot of money in the future, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Depending on where we live, we will experience the impacts of climate change differently.
Sea ice retreats from large areas.
The map in the center shows the minimum extent of sea ice for the past, present, and future.
The graph shows the decline in sea ice from six data sets.
It is difficult for Inuit people to hunt and travel in their traditional ways.
The polar bears are not able to hunt seals.
The structures are damaged by the thaw.
The average temperature will rise 1.7-5.6% by the end of the century.
Dry areas will get more wet while wet areas will get more dry.
There will be more extreme weather events.
Society's costs will grow.
The sea level will rise by an additional 1.2 m by the end of the century.
Storm surge will erode beaches and coastal wetlands, destroy real estate, and damage infrastructure.
There will be health problems due to pollution and heat stress.
Tropical diseases will spread north.
The forests will continue to be altered by fire and pests.
The end of the century will affect ocean acidification.
The snowpack will decrease in the west.
Barrier islands will begin to disappear.
Alaskan buildings and roads will be damaged by melting permafrost.
Adapted from Melillo.
By the end of this century, states are predicted to rise.
Under a scenario of business, bears and seals hunt each other for food.
According to a recent study, Alaska will need to spend over $6 million on the United States for the third national climate assessment.
Sea level rise is caused by the melting of ice caps and ice sheets.
The U.S. assesses impacts for the United States.
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