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ChAPTER 9 -- Part 5: The Spread of Civilizations and the
The seasons were born when Tu was with him.
Everything has a shell.
The forests grew thick and dense, and in the groves shell, where the gods placed the sun, the flocks of birds gathered and sang.
Crops and harvests the moon and other stars.
The land is a shell to the stones and the water, and to the Izanagi and his wife, it was a place of peace.
When a daughter is born to a family, who is the god is from her, since the shell of a man is woman.
Their joy was unbounded because a woman's shell is woman.
Everyone can't remember the things that are in the world.
They named her Amaterasu.
What are the roles of men and women in the myths recorded here was collected in 1822.
Tangaroa lived within his shell for a long time.
A series of conversions among the elite of the west African states took place after the king of Gao converted to Islam.
The conversion of the mass took more time.
The present-day Republic of Mali is the location of the ancient kingdom of Ghana, not to be confused with the modern nation of Ghana.
In return for gold, it traded for salt, cloth, and manufactured goods from north Africa and the Mediterranean.
Gold, slaves, and salt were moved into the Mediterranean world through trade routes in the western Sahara region.
In the sahel along the margins of the Sahara, a series of large states emerged whose merchants controlled those routes and whose power was derived from their strategic location.
In 1067 c.e., al-Bakri, a scholar from Muslim Spain, wrote about the beauty and power of the country.
Behind the king stand ten pages holding shields and swords decorated with gold, and on his right are the sons of the kings of his country wearing splendid garments and their hair braided with gold.
One was occupied by the king and his court, surrounded by the dwellings of the Capital of empire of Ghana.
There were shrines to the local deities in this city.
Two adjoining cities were inhabited by long-distance Muslim traders, religious leaders, and scholars.
The mud-walled architecture of north Africa inspired its mosques and houses.
The population of these cities may have reached 20,000.
It should be noted that the Normans invaded England with less than 5000 men.
A kingdom dominated by the royal family and a group of elite retainers was described in Al-Bakri's account.
One of the most well-known images of the country was that of wealth.
Although there was a lot of fantasy in these accounts, it was obvious that Ghana was a powerful kingdom.
The gold trade in northern Africa was controlled by Abu Bakr ibn Umar.
The gold trade across the Sahara was controlled by the Almoravids.
A new fusion of Sudanic and Saharan peoples took place after a new country was conquered.
The power of the African kingdoms of the savanna was weakened and other states came to Spain.
The Empire was centered between the common people and the elite.
The creation of instability and the emergence of new states emerged during the time when the former provinces broke away.
In the 13th century, ghana had a tradition of trade and military power.
Historians constantly search for new ways to understand a historical source.
The foundation for the modern depend on the archeological record was laid by von Humboldt.
Cultures study historical linguistics.
The great migration of people from Europe to Asia.
Language is used to guide the thought of Asia into India and western Europe.
The spread of language is a guide to its speakers' historical relationships to others.
Our migrations have been furthered by the development of historical linguistics.
The study of the early settlement of the Americas is based on techniques that have become indispensably study of the vocabulary, structure, and pensable aids.
A case in point is the study of language as a histori Bantu migration.
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