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14.5 Amines -- Part 1
Draw the line-angle formulas for the products.
The products from acid and base hydrolysis of esters can be drawn from the structural or line-angle products.
Nitrogen is contained in amines and amides.
Many nitrogen- containing compounds are important to life.
Many amines have strong activity in the body and are used in medicine.
Dopamine, HERS1, and amphetamine are examples.
Coffee, nicotine, cocaine, and digitalis are naturally occurring amines obtained from plants.
One hydrogen atom in ammonia is replaced by a methyl group.
The bonding of two groups gives dimethylamine, and the three groups in trimethylamine replace all the hydrogen atoms in ammonia.
When the alkyl groups are not branched, the common names of amines are used.
The alkyl groups are listed in chronological order.
Amines are classified by the number of carbon atoms in the nitrogen atom.
The nitrogen atom is attached to one alkyl group in a primary amine.
The nitrogen atom is attached to two alkyl groups in a secondary amine.
The N atom has one or more carbon atoms.
We can draw line-angle formulas for amines.
The hydrogen atoms are shown in the formula for an amine.
The alkyl name followed.
indigo is a dye that gives color to wool, cotton, and silk fibers, as well as blue jeans.
It is also used in the synthesis of pain medication.
The nitrogen atom has one ethyl group attached to it.
The name of the amine is ethyldimethylamine and it has two groups attached to the nitrogen atom.
Define the line-angle formula for methylpropylamine as primary, secondary, or tertiary.
amphetamines, also known as "uppers", cause blood vessels in the central nervous system to dilate and increase the permeability of the cells in response to allergic reactions.
They increase cardiovascular activity and depress the appetite.
diphenhydramine helps block the effects of histamine.
In "fight-or-flight" situations, the blood Histamine cose level is raised and the blood is moved to the muscles.
Parkinson's disease is caused by a deficiency in dopamine.
They can bring about weight loss, but they can also have side effects.
Chemical dependency can be caused by methedrine.
Benzedrine can be taken to group on the nitrogen atom.
They form hydrogen bonds with water.
NH2 can form more hydrogen bonds.
A tertiary amine with no hydrogen on the nitrogen atom can form hydrogen bonds with water from the N atom in the amine to the H of a water molecule.
Like alcohols, the smaller amines form hydrogen bonds with water.
The effect of hydrogen bonding is diminished in amine with more than six carbon atoms.
Primary amines form the most and tertiary amines form the least.
Ammonia is a Bronsted-Lowry base because it accepts H+ from water to make an Ammonium ion.
The only electron pair on the nitrogen atom that accepts a hydrogen ion from water is amines.
Lemon juice has CH3 NH2 + OH acid in it.
Lemon juice can remove the "fishy" odor from fish by converting amines to their salts.
There is only one pair of electrons on the nitrogen atom and no water.
A negative ion is followed by the alkylammonium ion name of the salt.
Ammonium salts have strong attractions between the anion and the positively charged ammonium ion.
Ammonium salts are odorless andsoluble in water and body fluids.
Amines are converted to their salts for this reason.
The salt of ephedrine is used as a bronchodilator.
The name of the ammonium salt of diphenhydramine is followed by the name of the acid, which is used in Benadryl for relief of itching and pain from skin irritations.
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