Questions 7 through 9 can be answered using the following choices.
A hospitalized male had a rash.
You are a nurse in the intensive care unit, and your newest patient is a baby who was born with flu-like symptoms.
After a few hours of supplemental oxygen, the infant was no longer needed and was able to feed herself on her own.
At 22 hours, you notice a drop in her heart rate, and she dies.
Blood cultures drawn just before the infant's death are growing gram-positive rods, according to a laboratory report the next morning.
In this chapter, read about the causes of Meningitis.
The answers to In the Clinic questions can be found online.
The brain and spine are affected by some of the most devastating infectious diseases.
Damage to these areas can cause deafness, blindness, learning disabilities, paralysis, and death.
The nervous system is strongly protected from accidents and infections because of its importance.
Some trauma can disrupt these defenses.
The central nervous system is vulnerable because it lacks many of the defenses found in the blood.
Pathogens that cause diseases of the nervous system have special virulence characteristics that allow them to penetrate defenses.
The pathogen can start replicating in a peripheral nerve and move into the brain and spine.
The control center for the whole was stained when the brain was injected with dyes.
The capillaries are smaller and the spine is not as strong.
The lines of peripheral nerves are more munication between the central nervous system and the body.
The brain and the spine are protected.
chloram phenicol can enter the brain easily.
The barrier has to be effective.
When they wouldn't be able to otherwise, they were nervous to cross it.
When inflammation alters the permeability of the blood-brain barrier, the bloodstream and the lymphatic system are the most common routes of central nervous system invasion.
3 days earlier,Patricia complained of a severe headaches and her mother called one of the EMTs.
She had nausea and vomiting over the next 3 days.
The father ofPatricia called the police when she became unresponsive.
The subarachnoid space is between the arachnoid and the pia mater.
The blood-brain barrier at the walls of the blood vessels can be penetrated by microbes carried in the blood.
There are symptoms, suspect foods, and treatment for botulism.
Discuss the epidemiology of leprosy, including mode of trans mission, etiology, disease symptoms, and preventive measures.
Infections of the central nervous system can have serious consequences.
Many people who survive an attack have neurological damage.
Discuss the epidemiology of tetanus, including mode of Meningitis, which can be caused by different types of pathogens.
More than 50 other species ofbacteria have been reported to be opportunistic pathogens.
Occasionally, it enters the bloodstream and causes diseases.
The capsule of the bacterium is important to its virulence.
This scanning electron micro agent was used to fight the flu in 1889 and World War I.
Children under age 4 are most likely to be affected by Hib-caused Meningitis, especially at about 6 months when the mother's immune system weakens.
The incidence is much more common than other diseases, but tends to be caused by the Hib vaccine.
This is an aerobic, gram-negative bacte for most of the cases.
Since introduction of an effective vaccine, it has been nearly eliminated in the United States in the nose and throat of carriers without causing disease.
Up to 40% of the population, that is older than 16 years, are carriers of the disease.
This vaccine can cause death within a few hours.
The herd immunity produced by the most dis will benefit the adult population.
All three of these pathogens have a capsule that protects them from meningococcal meningitis, which begins with a throat from a phagocytosis, as they replicate rapidly in the bloodstream, infections, and eventually bacteremia.
They could enter the fluid from there.
Children under 2 years are more likely to die from it.
Children with residual damage to their brains, such as deafness, are more likely to have significant numbers of bacterial meningitis.