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13 -- Part 3: Southeast Asia
A study found that Indonesia lost more than 6 million hectares of forest due to logging bans in the 1990s.
In response to Thailand's disap response, Indonesia declared two-year logging moratoriums in 2011.
An estimated 80 percent of the logging by the Worldwide Fund for Nature was illegal.
The countries of mainland Southeast Asia are M13_ROWN9423_07_SE_C13.indd 552 12-16-16 4:34 AM with the tropical cyclones that often strike the region.
There are wetlands in coastal Borneo and on the east coast of Sumatra.
A large number of species are found nowhere else in Southeast Asian rainforests, which are among the most biologically diverse areas on the planet.
The orangutan, which is only found in a small portion of northern Sumatra and in a somewhat larger area of Borneo, may be able to survive in the wild if protected areas are allowed.
Southeast Asian national parks are often only on paper, receiving little real protection from loggers or immigrant farmers.
One of the world's main centers for the trade in animal products is Southeast Asia.
Many animals of the region's tropical forests and seas are in high demand in China, both for food and for their alleged pharmaceutical properties.
The pangolin is in danger of extinction due to this trade.
Large quantities of wood are left on the ground by logging operations.
The remaining slash becomes very dangerous when exposed to the sun.
It is often burned in order to clear the ground for planting trees.
The world's most diverse tropical rainforests are also home to some Wildfires.
Many of the region's forests have been cleared.
After logging, forests are often by rough grasses that are burned on purpose to make way for oil palm plantations.
Almost a third of their forests are cleared for timber and agricultural regeneration because of the fires.
In the late 1990s, fires associated with both logging and a severe dry spell in Southeast Asia caused the region to suffer from disastrous erage.
Vietnam's total air pollution is thought to be by some experts.
The forest area in Southeast Asian countries has increased in recent years.
Indonesia should pay more attention to air quality.
The fire threat remains despite the continued support for reforesta by other Southeast Asian countries.
Secondary forests are not an emergency due to smoke and haze from primary forests, but due to bio fires associated with land clearing.
Schools were forced to have more diversity.
More were reported in the coastal areas of Southeast Asia.
The Indonesian government estimates that it will cost $35 billion to solve the problem of mangrove forests being destroyed.
Efforts to protect Southeast Asia's air quality are hampered by continued industrial development, along with an increase in vehicular traffic, as well as rice fields and fish and shrimp ponds.
Mangrove forests serve as nurseries for many fish species, so their destruction threatens to undermine and water pollution.
Several cities, including Bangkok.
In order to reduce traffic and vehicular emissions and protect coastal areas from storm surge, Mangrove for Manila has built rail-based public transportation systems.
The tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia receive a lot of attention, but the dry forests of interior Southeast Asia are also biologically rich.
In the Northern Plains of Cambodia, there are some of the largest remaining dry lowland forests.
Over the past several decades, sugar and rubber plantations have extended across much of this area.
concessions have been granted for rubber-cultivation in 15 percent of the Kulen Promtep Wildlife Sanctuary.
Wildlife has been diminishing rapidly.
Access to the forests becomes easier as roads are constructed to service the new farms.
The pileated gibbon, a small arboreal ape that requires large expanses of intact forest, has declined in population over the past 35 years.
About 35,000 people are found in the forests of Cambodia's Northern Plains.
The Asian elephant, the Dhole, the Banteng, and the fishing cat are just a few of the rare and diminishing species supported by the same forests.
The kouprey, a wild bovine that is also indigenous to this region, has not been seen in over twenty years.
The future of the dry forests of northern Cambodia looked bleak until recently.
The Cambodian government has put a halt to agricultural concessions.
There are currently no new plantations allowed in the Northern Plains.
The pileated gibbon is one of the wildlife species in the area that wildlife organizations are trying to preserve.
The pileated gibbon is an important land clearance.
The animal's range is limited to the remaining forests of southeastern Thailand, but wildlife patrol staff in this area nearly doubled, allowing a large area of western Cambodia and southern Laos.
The land is being monitored more.
Several environmental organizations are involved in habitat protection to ensure the survival of the species.
It's used in roughly 150 projects in 31 countries, so that both people and SMART can benefit from any proposed changes.
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