Muhammad, a merchant in Mecca, had a religious vision that inspired him to preach to the people of Mecca.
He had many followers in Arabia by the time he died, and a century later his followers controlled what is now Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, northern India, North Africa, Spain, and southern France.
Muhammad's beliefs were spread across Central Asia to the borders of China and India within another century.
Islam spread is one of the most amazing stories in the history of the world, and remained gracious in the great cities of North Africa, even as Islam brought new traditions.
The picture of a man wearing a turban and establishing garrison cities in newly conquered terri a turban is from an Egyptian wall painting.
The role of new converts was important during the eleventh century.
The political weakness of many of the governments was related to that.
The faith of Muhammad is spread by commerce and trade.
Islam flourished despite being the first adherents being nomads.
Muslim merchants transported goods by land and sea.
The gracious, sophisticated, and cosmopolitan culture was developed with the wealth that trade generated.
In the ninth, tenth, and eleventh centuries, the Islamic world witnessed enormous intellectual vitality and creativity that profoundly influenced the development of both Eastern and Western civilization.
The majority of the Arabian peninsula is desert.
Oasis towns have large populations.
Outside the towns were Bedouin tribes who moved from place to place and grazed their flocks.
The Bedouins were the most important political and military force in the region.
Mecca became the economic and cultural center of western Arabia because pilgrims came to visit the Ka'ba, a temple containing a black stone thought to be a god's dwel ing place as wel as other holy objects connected to other gods.
This region was where Muhammad's roots were.
The Bedouins and other Arabs had a tribe.
tribes provided protection and support in exchange for mem bers' total loyalty Like the Germanic peoples in the age of their migrations, the Arab tribes were constantly evolving.
A tribe might have both nomadic and sedentary members.
The Dome of the Rock is the holiest place in Islam after Mecca and Medina and was completed in 691.
The 700 feet of carefully selected Qur'anic inscriptions and vegetal motifs that grace the top of the outer walls are Arabic features that are influenced by Byzantine and Persian architecture.
In Arabia de Chapter Chronology, the nomads pended on productive communities for food and other supplies.
Muhammad and his followers emigrate their herds.
Abu Bakr becomes the or by plundering caravans and extorting protection money.
The end of the century marks the Muslim defeat of the Persians.
Political power was held by the publication of the Qur'an religious aristocracies.
The loss of most of Spain to a stronger economic base was progressive.
The different tribal groups became a unified state.
The life of Muhammad is held by the Christian Crusaders.