Edited Invalid date
8.2 Outside the Mitochondria: Glycolysis
List the outputs and inputs.
It most likely evolved before the electron transport chain and the citric acid cycle.
This may be the reason the cytoplasm does not need oxygen.
There wasn't any free oxygen in Earth's early atmosphere.
Each step in the process of lysis has its ownidase.
The pathway can be divided into two steps.
During the energy-investment step, ATP is used to jump-start glycolysis.
Four total ATP are made during the energy-harvesting steps.
The two ATP are used to increase the amount of sugar in the water.
The same molecule produced during photosynthesis is what G3P is.
Each G3P has a group of phosphates, each of which is obtained from a molecule.
Oxidation of G3P can be accomplished by the removal of electrons.
When O2 is available, each NADH molecule carries two high-energy electrons to the electron transport chain and becomes NAD+ again.
NAD+ is recycled and used again.
These groups are used to synthesise two ATP.
An energy-releasing reaction is driving forward an energy-requiring reaction on the surface of the enzyme.
Substrates are oriented on the reaction.
The reaction occurs twice per molecule.
The removal of H2O causes oxidation.
Each C3 has the same level of Substrate-level ATP synthesis.
The pathway begins with C6 glucose and ends with two C3 pyruvate molecules.
Net gain can be calculated by subtracting the cost of the energy investment step from the cost of the energyharvesting step.
The ten steps are catalyzed by a specializedidase.
Review flashcards and saved quizzes
Getting your flashcards
Privacy & Terms