You can't know what the question asks from the question alone.
They refer to the tone, style, and structure of the passage.
The test writers like to mix things up.
Break the answer choices into bite-size parts and check the passage to see if you can find an example of that part.
Narrated with a straight face, but not really serious.
The idea is to break the choices into smaller pieces.
You should refer to the glossary at the end of the book if you have trouble with any of the terms we've used.
The answer is correct.
Make your first eliminations.
The situations are not so much lighthearted as absurd and the narrator is not as serious as the Duke, but nearly as bizarre and out of control.
If you think cheating the Devil at cards is serious, then choice isn't worth a second look.
It should be unattractive as well.
The overall effect of the passage that the question asks for is not shown by the Duke's contempt for his situation.
The leaves are E and C. Go back to the passage after taking each answer choice.
The Duke's preposterous emotions are present in almost every sentence.
Everything comes to us through the Duke's impressions.
It's enough to eliminate (C) and leave you with just one remaining choice.
You should look at it for safety's sake.
There are exclamation points all over the place.
Half of the time the author seems to be shouting.
The Duke's voice, persona, and attitude seem to be speaking a lot in the third person as the story is told.
The choice is correct.
The answer is correct.
POE helps a lot.
There are usually a couple of answer choices that you can ignore on tone questions.
The passage is too weird to be called an example of complete objectivity.
objectivity never goes with that feeling.
The choice is off the wall.
It didn't sound too extreme, so choice might have been appealing.
There is no evidence that the narrator feels a slight dislike for the Duke.
You wanted to hear what the narrator had to say.
The question didn't ask how you felt.
The answer choice (D) is a type of answer choice that occasionally appears on the exam.
When students are struggling, they're drawn to answers that suggest their own mental state, such as confused, depressed, anxious, and fearful.
The answer feels right because it's how the student feels taking the test.
There is no evidence that the narrator is confused or doesn't understand the Duke; in fact, he seems to understand the Duke a little too perfectly.
The correct answer is brought up.
"Glee" seems a bit strong, but it fits.
The narrator uses a lot of exclamation points and has a lot of enthusiasm.
Good writers don't use a lot of exclamation points.
It could easily seem like they are being used here.
The Duke's life must be filled with exclamation points if a badly prepared bird is upsetting him enough to kill him.
There are many elements that make the passage sitiric.
The AP exam uses the concept of satire.
When a passage pokes fun at an exaggeratedly foolish type, you can be sure it's satire.
The Duke's peculiar foolishness is what makes the gleefulness come from.
It makes sense that Poe won the Duke win because he had a lot of the Duke in him.
You have to see if you've noticed certain structural and style devices in the passage.
One of the test writers favorites is the question that uses a form you'll see on the test.
If you've taken a test before, you've seen Roman numeral questions.
Students groan when they see them.
They look like more work.
Three questions are not worth a single point.
You should think of them as questions with three answer choices.
Take one point at a time, and look at the passage to see if you want it.
This is a quick question if you know where to look.
Let's start with the second one.
You don't have to look at the points in order.
There is an abrupt change of place when the Duke dies.
Eliminate all answers that don't contain (A) and (C).
Many students overlook the fact that the tense of the story changes when the Duke's bedroom becomes hell.
The second paragraph is tense.
You can eliminate anything that doesn't contain item.
You have only two answer choices, B and E.
All that is left is (III).
Don't worry about yourself, don't overthink.
There are sudden changes in emotional state.
In the middle of the story, the Duke goes from admiring the Devil's decor to being stricken with terror when he learns that he is in fact dealing with Satan, to getting control of himself again and challenging the Devil to cards.
That is abrupt.
The examples contained in the passage must be in the answer choice.
The answer is correct.
This is a straightforward literary terms question.
You will see a few questions like that on the test.
The best way to answer literary term questions is to know the terms.
That's why we have a glossary.
There are a few things you can be sure will appear on the test.
The terms metaphor and simile are used.
The answer is correct.
The phrase is a description.
A comparison that uses like or as is a simile.
Even if these terms don't show up on your test as the best answers to a question, at the very least they will show up as answers you can eliminate.
Eliminate what you can and take your best guess, if you aren't aware that the phrase in question is a simile.
All the terms in the question are defined in our glossary.
The answer is correct.
It's subjunctive when a sentence begins.
To those who make it their business to know, mood refers to what a verb form indicates besides time.
Command is expressed by it.
It's in the imperative mood.
A state of being is indicated by laughs in "Jack laughs".
The mood is indicative.
The moods of English are Indicative, imperative, and subjunctive.
The use of the subjunctive and its forms have faded from our language, which makes starting a sentence with the word strange.
It's correct in English.
Unless you intend to teach Latin or go to graduate school for linguistics, mood isn't a term you'll need to know precisely; for your purposes on the test, and probably for the rest of your life, you can think of a mood as not exactly a verbs tense.
There may be some questions on the AP exam.
Take your best shot with POE.
For the sake of a few points on the multiple-choice section, studying specific concepts in English is not worth the time.
A working command of English grammar is essential for effective writing and studying it for other reasons is not a waste of time.
When we deal with a sample poetry passage and questions in the next chapter, we'll have more to say.
If you're rusty on your terms, there are definitions with examples of the basic terms you need to know, such as direct object, indirect object, phrase, and clause.
If you worked through the passage as we instructed, you learned a lot about how to take the multiple-choice questions on the AP English Literature and Composition Exam.
You're learning that it takes close to five times longer to work on a real passage than it does here.
An important point is time.
When you're on your own, you can answer all the questions in about 15 minutes after we've taken you through the passage.
The most difficult passage on the test was the one you decided to do last.
You only had seven minutes left when you got to it.
Most of the time you would use it to read it.
All the study you've put into the questions can pay off here.
Check your time when you hit the last part of the test.
You have to change your strategy if you have less than seven minutes left.
There isn't enough time to do the normal way.
Emergency measures need to be taken.
Preparing is the best defense against panic.
Know what you're going to do.
Don't read it.
You don't need the passage for these questions.
You will just snap up a point if you know the issue.
If you can, apply as much POE as you can.
Go to any question that asks about a single word or phrase.
A line reference is always included in these questions.
Before and after the reference, read a sentence from the passage.
Go to any other question that has a reference in it.
Answer the question after reading the reference.
Go to any questions about tone or attitude.
By this time, you've read a lot of the passage by answering questions.
You can make a good guess about where the author is coming from by reading enough.
Line references can be found in the answer choices.
Character questions, primary purpose questions, weird questions, and so on are all left over.
To get them, read some of the passage.
Go ahead and read.
Continue working until you are told to put your pencil down.
If you find yourself in a situation in which you only have 7 minutes left, don't panic.
Follow the simple six-step system.
The seven-minute passage is known as the Art of the Seven-Minute Passage.
It works in six, five, four, three, two, or one minute, but with less time, you don't get as far down the list.
The Don't Read the Passage technique can be used for seven minutes or less.
The pace on multiple-choice passages should be 15 minutes.
Depending on the amount of time left for the last passage, you will have to decide which approach to use.
You have two options.
To step on the gas is the first thing to do.
The Art of the Seven-Minute Passage technique can be used to answer the questions.
It's your call.
You should ask the questions at the seven-minute mark.
You should try to read the passage fast but then try the questions in the seven-minute order.
You don't have time to worry about silly things like whether you've guessed too many (C)'s or ponder the meaning of the pattern of the pattern at 14 minutes.
Pick your answers based on a careful reading of the passage.
One of the greatest writers of all time was a Russian author, and his second novel was called Anna Karenina.
War and Peace are examples of realism in literature.
The description of the sun book ends the passage nicely.
The correct answer is (C).
The passage ends on a good note, so the author isn't creating a sense of dread.
The effect of these lines is not to highlight the passage of time.
The lines are written in a way that parallels the description given at the beginning of the passage.
The weather is not impacting Levin's hunting--he's done quite well so far--and does not appear to be seeking shelter at the conclusion of the passage, so (D) and (E) are incorrect.
Eliminate (A) and (C) because D Vexation means annoyance or irritation.
The word highlights Laska's desire to find the source of the smell, and she's annoyed that the stump got in her way.
She doesn't let it affect her progress for very long.
She is focused on the task at hand and does not let the event distract her.
There is no evidence that she is in danger nor that she was asked to find the bird.
The old lady is referred to as "Granny" by the boy and he is not related to either of them.
The old woman is the hostess of the place at which he is staying, and he comes across the boy while he is hunting, so eliminate (A) and (B).
There isn't any evidence to support (C) or (D).
Since he speaks with the old woman in a friendly way, and the boy addresses him in a casual way, we can conclude that he treats those he encounters in an informal and warm way.
The answer is E.
The first line reference shows how tall he is.
Laska's nose can be seen from his vantage point.
Laska's ability to put the pair in close proximity to the bird is demonstrated by the second line reference.
The combined efforts of the pair allow them to locate the bird.
The answer is correct.
The interaction is minimized.
The fact that Laska can't see the bird makes sense.
The purpose of (B) and (C) are not supported by the text.
B Laska is obedient to her master.
She tries to please him by following his commands.
The answer is correct.
Choice is referring to the grouse, not Laska.
Laska's relationship to Levin is not answered by choice.
This choice is from a different point of view.
There is no evidence to support (C) and (E).
She wants to please him and she does obey him.
The author shows Levin's friendly exchanges with the people he encounters, his manner toward Laska, and his thoughts as he hunts.
The reader is given a lot of information to draw his or her own conclusions.
The best answer is provided by the author.
There are moments that undermine both of the choices.
When he pats Laska on the head and allows her to run off leash, both of which would discount, we see a softer side of him.
He prays for luck on his bird, which undermines.
The author isn't sarcastic or critical of Levin.
The correct answer is (B) because B Tolstoy is a writer of realism.
The naturalism movement did not begin until after Anna Karenina was written.
Literature from the realism movement is notable for its use of detail.
The passage is a prime example of realism.
This passage is representative of the realism movement so thorough descriptions of the setting and characters will be present in the work.
The purpose of this section of the text is to give the reader a vivid description of what the characters are experiencing and doing, so the correct answer is (A).
There is no prediction, or rising anticipation.
While the characters may seem content in nature, it's not the purpose of this part of the text, so it can be eliminated as well.
The item is visible throughout the passage.
An example of alliteration can be found in lines 42-46 and lines 17-18.
There is an item featured throughout the passage.
A vivid depiction of the scene is provided to appeal to the reader's senses.
The narrator knows the thoughts of both Laska and Levin.
The correct answer is (E) since all three are present.
At what appears to be the beginning of his day of hunting, a Levin is happy with his haul and satisfied with himself.
The correct answer is (A).
There is no evidence that he feels exhausted, powerful, astonished, or boastful.
Eliminate (E) as well because it is the boy who approves of Levin.
Use the answer to question 3 to help you with the question.
The old woman and boy are friendly with him.
The correct answer is (D) because everyone is getting along nicely and the two seem to enjoy each other.
There is no evidence of envy.
Eliminate (B) and (C) because the old woman didn't say anything about Levin's skill.
There is no way to know if the old woman approves of his accomplishments because he encounters her before shooting birds.
This is a pure definition question, and you need to know the difference between personification and apogee.
An animal ismorphism is when it is given human characteristics.
Personification requires that something takes on a human shape.
Laska seems to have human thoughts, but never takes on human form, asking him if she had better not go on doing as she had begun, and looking so as to please him.
The answer is correct.
Both characters have to be speaking in order for dialogue to take place.
The only person who can be correct is Levin.
The initial sound is repeated in stumbling, stump, strong, supple, she, and circle.
She has an intense desire to find the bird, and each event presented in this sentence adds a layer of light suspense.
It is an example of juxtaposition that the stump acting as an impediment is presented with her desire to reach the source of the scent.
The use of compound, complex sentence structure is present.
Laska stumbling is not a flaw in her character, but a flaw in his character, so the correct answer is (A).
Use the earlier questions to help you here.
Laska is obedient and submissive because she doesn't feel his command is correct.
This is realism and so eliminate.
There is no evidence that Laska is inexperienced.
Since she knows she needs to go on doing as she had begun, there is evidence to the contrary, which could show a flaw in her skills as a hunter.
This answer has been wrong before, and it doesn't mean that Levin has an erratic or volatile disposition.
The text supports the answer (B).
Answer choices can help you understand a question.
On general questions, you want a choice that accurately describes the entire passage.
The "half bad equals all bad" technique can be eliminated by focusing on key phrases in the answer choices.
Consistency of Answers is used for line reference questions.
Go back to the passage and read the lines in question, as well as one full sentence before and after the line reference.
If you put questions in your own words, things will be easier for you.
Don't ignore confusing parts, though.
There will be a question or two.
The AP English Literature and Composition Exam has test writers who like to get creative.