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2 Chemical Principles -- Part 4
The most common elements in organic are acids that can change the pH of the medium.
If the compounds are hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, the medium would become acidic enough to form bonds.
Sulfur and phos kill thebacteria.
The phorus appear less often to prevent it.
There are elements found in the culture medium.
The elements that are most abundant in living organisms are the same as the elements that are most abundant in culture media.
For carbon skeletons, fungi are best able tol sible.
Most of the carbons are bonds to acidic conditions.
In alkaline habitats, the bonding of elements with carbonbacteria does well.
Different functional groups have different properties.
The optimum growth range is from organic molecules.
Water is important in dissolving copper from low to it because the acid produced by this bacterium in mine is water-loving.
The attraction helps dissolved organic molecules.
The acid is neutralized by the following reaction.
Functional groups help us classify organic compounds.
The building blocks of sugar.
The building blocks and structure of proteins are identified.
The building blocks of nucleic acids can be identified.
A molecule with both carboxyl groups is an example.
The molecules are stable because of this.
The cell's chief energy provider is discussed at the end of the chapter.
The internal C " o in a ketone is different to the C " o in an aldehyde.
The characteristic reactivity of the molecule is acid, acetaldehyde, and diethyl ether.
They are in a class called alcohols.
The alcohols do not ionize at neutral pH because they are covalently bonds to a carbon atom.
The left synthesis was released in the dehydration reaction.
Adding to the sucrose.
The dehydration synthesis of pounds includes sugars and starches.
A number of major functions in living systems are performed by Carbohydrates.
It may seem odd that both sugars have the same acid.
The mole stances, which are used to build cell membranes, have different physical and chemical properties because of the different positions of the oxygens and carbons.
Carbohydrates are food reserves.
Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
A molecule of sugar, for example, may be hydrolyzed into its components.
The general sugars react with the H+ and OH- of water.
There are three or more CH2O units in the cell walls ofbacterial cells.
Monosaccha called peptidoglycan is one of the three major groups of clas, which are composed of disaccharides and proteins.
There are tens or hundreds of monosaccharides joined through each molecule.
Polysaccharides have side chains of carbon atoms in the molecule of a simple sugar and are classified as macro by the prefix in its name.
Polysaccharides can be split carbons called trioses.
tetroses are four-carbon apart into their sugars.
Unlike sugars, pentoses (five-carbon sugars), hexoses (six-carbon sug monosaccharides and disaccharides, however, they usually ars), and heptoses (seven-carbon sugars) are not.
Pentoses and hexoses are very important to living organisms because of their lack of sweetness.
Deoxyribose is not usually found in water.
Two monosaccharides bond in a dehydration synthesis reaction.
The most common oligosaccharides are disaccharides.
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