- Plymouth was founded in 1620
- Plymouth was founded by a group of English Puritans who came to be known as the pilgrims.
- The group was part of a congregation led by William Bradford.
- Plymouth was established due to the fact that it was the first colonial settlement in New England. These settlers were a group of puritan pilgrims who sailed on the Mayflower.
- They named the first town after departure. In addition, Plymouth provided good anchorage and harbor.
- Thomas Weston and a group of London merchants who wanted to enter colonial trade financed the expedition
-The two parties came to an agreement in 1620. Weston was one of the leaders who sponsored the establishment of Plymouth Colony.
- Plymouth is named after Plymouth, England where the Mayflower set sail for America.
- The settlers thought the name was suitable as the Mayflower had set sail from the port.
LOCATION OF PLYMOUTH:
- Plymouth is located in Massachusetts.
- This colony was mainly manufacturing because it was in southeastern MA which did not have the best weather and soil for good agriculture. It was a mixture of both because depending on the season, agriculture could have worked out.
- I know this based on the location and sources.
- The colonists in this colony had agriculture, fishing, timber, and fur jobs.
- Natural resources that were available in this colony would be trees, fur, fish, and some agriculture.
- This colony produced Indian corn, some types of beans, pumpkins, wheat, oats, and much more.
- The colony was structured near the Atlantic Ocean with a lot of plains.
- Plymouth became the very first colonial England settlement. The Pilgrims were the social class that lived there but it was split in that European pilgrims were on top while the Black pilgrims and native Americans were on the bottom.
- This colony accepted Christianity for since the Pilgrims were the on who marked Plymouth as their territory they truly believe that the church of England was the only place with the true God
- Ethnic groups such as the European pilgrims, Black pilgrims, and some native Americans lived near Plymouth as well.
- There was not really any slavery in Plymouth just one case in which the Winslow family of pilgrims had slaves.
- Slavery wasn’t seen that much because there were black pilgrims that also came to Plymouth and for the European pilgrims they believe in their god so they didn’t want to practice slavery.
- The classes were split up though there were European pilgrim men, Pilgrim women & children, Black pilgrim freemen, and then black servants.
- The colony of Plymouth governed by the Mayflower Compact in which the colony was put in charge by a piece of self-governing legislation that was drafted by the separatist Pilgrims.
- The colony had laws in which they were written and modified over time, the first in 1636, followed by collections of laws published in 1658, 1672, and 1685.
- One example of specific laws in Plymouth was the legal code that included a rudimentary bill of rights and guaranteed trial by jury.
- The second example of a specific law was the law of the Plymouth colony called “General fundamentals” that was proclaimed by the general court.
- All the adult males aboard the Mayflower ship were permitted to participate in government.
- The “Mayflower Compact” was a political document that was founded in this colony as the purpose of it was to provide a foundation for the Plymouth government.
- One fun fact about Plymouth is that we settled in 1621 and managed to survive with the help of Chief Massasoit, Samoset, and Squanto.
Visual #1 - Describe the visual and indicate your source.
The temperature range in Plymouth is 68 in the summer and 27 in the winter, with rolling hills and lush valleys.
Visual #2 - Describe the visual and indicate your source.
Some of their natural resources include cod, whaling, hunting, and trees. Sand, gravel, stone, lime, and clay are a few minerals. The pilgrims lived and endured the cold winter months as a result. This was critical.
Visual #3 - Describe the visual and indicate your source.
Upon arrival, the land had a harbor for their ship, a freshwater river, and flatlands on which crops could be cultivated.
Additional Visuals - Describe the visuals and indicate your sources. Write N/A in this section if you do not have any additional sources.