The solid state of matter is the focus of this chapter.
The structures of solids determine the properties of the material.
The hexagonal shape of a snowflake is determined by the repeating hexagonal pattern of water in ice, and the cubic shape of salt grains is determined by the repeating hexagonal pattern of salt in water.
The ceramics that compose your coffee cups, the semiconductors in your electronic devices, and the plastics that are most likely all around you are materials developed to have specific properties that serve specific purposes.
We take a quick look at each of these materials in this chapter.