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6 Nationalism and National Unification -- Part 13
Europe became a world power more than ever before in the late 19th century, but it also began to clash with other rising powers, notably the United States and Japan.
The United States began to build its own empire after defeating Spain.
After the war between Russia and Japan in 1904-5, President Theodore Roosevelt played a major role in the peace negotiations between the two countries.
The treaty with Britain concluded with implications for Europe.
Between 1870 and 1914, the six major questions introduced in Chapter 4 were vastly different.
As Germany's neighbors began to ally against the threat to their interests, the German Question became a more menacing one, as leaders of the new German Reich began to demand a place in the sun.
On the eve of World War I, Home Rule for Ireland seemed to point at a solution to the Irish Question, but that was a false hope.
The Eastern Question took on a new focus in the Balkans.
The South-Slav peoples were in the process of throwing off Ottoman rule when they were faced with the prospect of the Habsburgs taking over.
South-Slav resistance to Habsburg ambitions was the most immediate origin of World War I.
Waves of violent strikes by workers in most countries and a revolution in Russia in 1905 revived the Social Question.
The Woman Question achieved a new visibility in Britain and the United States in the years immediately before 1914.
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