Types of Maps
Reference maps contain many features such as cities, highways, bodies of water, and sometimes railroads.
Thematic maps are focused on only one feature. Some examples can include rainfall, temperature, oil production, climate, population, and forestry.
The process of taking the round surface of Earth, and projecting it on a flat surface. This is usually done in the shape of a rectangle.
North and South poles
Shows the shapes of the countries very well
Doesn’t have true distance or area
Poles and Edges
Has the most
accurate distances and sizes
The edges can be a little inacurate
Sizes of some land masses
Shows islands and poles very well
You can only see one of the poles at a time
Near the equator
The area of land is shown accuratley
The poles and equator are inacurate
Longitude and Latitude
Line at 0° longitude- Prime Meridian and Greenwich, England
Line at 0° longitude- Equator
Why is this important?
Longitude and Latitude are invisible lines drawn across Earth. They are used to give exact location and define our time zones.
Time Zones: Inside Scoop
Types of Location
Absolute location shows the exact coordinates or address of a place.
Relative location is based on the location of something else in that area.
Methods of Data Collection
Methods of Field Observation