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10.1 Acids and Bases
In health, industry, and the environment acids and bases are important substances.
Lemons and grapefruits have acids that make them sour.
Lactic acid is produced when we exercise.
The production of yogurt and cottage cheese is affected by acid frombacteria.
Acidic water is electrolytes.
In water, hydrogen chlorides give hydrogen ion, H+, and chloride ion, Cl-.
A hydrogen ion and a negative ion can be produced by acids dissolving in water.
Hcl is an acid that is named hydrocyanic acid.
The hydrogen ion and the presence of acids can be produced by an acid dissolving in water.
Group 7A 17 can form more than two acids.
Antacids, drain openers, and oven cleaners are some of the household bases you may be familiar with.
It's completely in the water to give Na+) and OH-.
An Arrhenius base makes cations and OH- anions.
Give the name for H2CO3 if you identify it as an acid or a base.
There are conjugate acid-base pairs for Bronsted-Lowry acids.
The definition of acids and bases was expanded by J. N. Bronsted and T. M. Lowry in 1923.
H+ is donated by a substance called a bronsted-lowry acid.
A bronsted-lowry base can accept H+.
There is no free hydrogen ion in water.
A transfer of H+ from hydrogen chloride to water can be written as a hydrochloric acid solution.
Water is acting as a base by accepting an H+ in the reaction.
ammonia acts as a base when it reacts with water.
Water acts as an acid by donating H+ because the nitrogen atom of NH3 has a stronger attraction for H+ than oxygen.
Water acts as a Bronsted-Lowry base when HNO3 reacts with it.
Every acid-base reaction has two conjugate acid-base pairs because an H+ is transferred in both directions.
The conjugate base F- is formed when an acid loses one H+.
H3O+ is formed when the base H2O gains an H+.
The conjugate acid-base pairs can be identified using the relationship of loss and gain of one H+.
The loss and gain of one H+ is related to 2O/OH-.
Water can act as an acid when it donates H+ or as a base when it accepts H+.
The basic behavior of water depends on the other reactant.
Water donates H+ when it reacts with a stronger base and accepts H+ when it reacts with a stronger acid.
Bicarbonate is an amphoteric substance.
HCO3 acts as an acid and donates one H+ to give CO 2 3
The acid that loses H+ is identified.
H+ was donated to form the product.
The acid and the conjugate base are named after it.
The base is the reactant that gains H+.
NH3 is the base and NH4 is the conjugate acid.
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