The traditional French representative assembly composed of the three estates of clergy, nobility, and commoners was never met despite increasing financial problems.
His subjects were not able to form united views or exert pressure on the monarch.
Louis insisted that religious unity was essential to the security of the state, even though he was personally tolerant.
In 1685, the Edict of Nantes was revoked by Protestant oppression.
There were constraints on Louis's power despite his claims.
He was obliged to rule in a way that was consistent with virtue and benevolent as a representative of divine power.
The laws were issued by his predecessors.
He lied about the informal collaboration of nobles.
Without their help, Louis would not have been able to extend his power throughout France or wage his many foreign wars.
His need to elicit noble cooperation led him to change his court life.
The French court had no home through most of the 17th century.
The palace at Ver sailles was the location of the court and government in 1682.
The palace was the center of po litical, social, and cultural life.
In the 1680s, Thailand and Thailand sent ambassadors to each other's courts.
The distribution of state power engraving commemorates Louis XIV's reception of the second Siamese diplomatic and wealth, nobles had no choice but to obey mission at Versail es, a visit that aroused great excitement and enthusiasm through and competed with each other for his favor in western Europe.
Louis created an elaborate set of rituals to mark every moment of his day, from waking up and dressing in the morning to retiring at night.
The nobles vied for the honor of serving him in these rituals.
These rituals were not meaningless or trivial.
Access to the king meant access to power and wealth.
These rewards were sought by courtiers for themselves and their family and followers.
A system of patronage, in which a higher-ranked individual protected a lower-ranked one in return for loyalty and services, flowed from the court to the provinces.
Louis was able to get cooperation from powerful nobles.
Women played a central role in the patronage system even though they were denied public offices and posts.
The king's wife, mistresses, and other female relatives mended individuals for honors, advocated policy decisions, and brokered alliances.
Noblewomen brought their family connections into their marriages to form powerful social networks.
Louis XIV loved the arts.
He commissioned a lot of art for Versailles as well as performances of dance and music.
In the history of the French theater, Louis' court witnessed the best of the best.
France's ability to build armies and fight wars depended on a strong economy.
Colbert wanted the wealth and economy of France to serve the state.
Colbert applied mercantilist policies to France from 1665 to his death in 1683.
The idea is that a nation's international power is based on its wealth and supply of gold and silver.
To accumulate wealth, a nation has to sell more goods abroad than it buys.
Colbert has a supply of gold and silver.
Colbert supported old industries and subsidized new ones to increase exports.
He raised tar iffs on foreign products in order to purchase French goods.
The Company of the East Indies was founded in 1664 to compete with the Dutch for Asian trade.
Colbert wanted to increase France's control over New France in Canada.
During Colbert's time as controller general, he was able to pursue his goals without creating a lot of new offices.
Thirty-three of Louis XIV's fifty-four years of personal rule kept France at war.
The French army nearly tripled in size over the course of the 17th century because of Francois le Tellier, Louis's secretary of state for war.
Louis's model was followed across Europe.
During this long period of warfare, Louis wanted to expand France to what he had sidered its natural borders.
Louis had reached the limit of his expansion by the beginning of the 1680s.
The wars of the 1680s and 1690s strained French resources.
Colbert's successors tried to finance the wars with devaluation of the currency and new taxes.
There was a dispute over the rightful successor to the Spanish throne.