One of the most effectively managed marine reserves in the Caribbean is the Bonaire Marine Park, which attracts large numbers of scuba divers.
The largest remaining rainforest is in Puerto Rico.
Commercial wind energy is gaining popularity.
The government of Puerto Rico just opened a major new wind farm on its southern coast near the city of Ponce.
Tourists eat 12 percent of its energy from renewable sources.
The Los Cocos wind farm in the Dominican Republic is a community-run project to preserve the habitat and increase the number of major investment in wind power to serve the country's grow of black howler monkeys.
Domestic and foreign visitors come to the sanctuary.
The region has a lot of potential for solar power.
Half of the households in Barbados use solar water heating, and solar panels are increasingly seen around government buildings, hospitals, businesses, and private homes.
The La Bouillante power station is located in western Guadeloupe.
In the rimland states, biological diversity and stability are less threatened than in the rest of the Caribbean.
Current efforts could produce important results.
As Caribbean states strive for cleaner and less expen sive energy sources, the islands of the Lesser Antil es have become an attractive alternative.
The Caribbean plate collides with the North American and South American plates in a subduction zone.
The locations are ideal for drilling wells that tap into the heat in the ground.
The intense heat deep within the Earth is felt at the surface in geysers, hot springs, and volcanoes.
Several Caribbean islands are getting international grants and help from experts in New Zealand and Japan to build power stations.
Not many countries in the world are able to exploit geothermal energy, but they do benefit from a reliable and renewable energy alternative.
In the Lesser Antilles, energy costs are three times more expensive than on the mainland.
Many of the islands burn oil or gas to generate electricity, which is expensive and causes greenhouse gases.
There is a clean, local, and renewable alternative for power at the new plant.
The Lesser energy sources include Guadeloupe, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Lucia, Antilles, and the French territory of Guadeloupe.
There are risks to Geothermal energy.
The Volcanic axis has St. Kitts and Nevis in it.
Figure 2.2 shows Earth's plate boundaries.
There is a lot of diversity amid globalization.
The small island of Barbados has only 166 square miles of territory, but Population and Settlement: Densely averages 1,712 people per square mile.
The Caribbean population density is generally quite high in Bermuda.
In Latin America, the District of Columbia is just one-third the size.
The four square kilometer is home to 3380 people per square mile, which is more than any other part of the region.
The population densities on St.Vincent and the islands of the Greater Add to this Trinidad Grenada are not as high, but they are still more than 700 people and most of per square mile.
Take into account the scarcity of arable land on some tries and one U.S. territory when calculating the population of the Caribbean.
Access to land in Puerto Rico has the greatest population density with 399 people per square resource problem for many inhabitants of the Caribbean.
Few people live in the Lesser abroad.
Many Caribbean states have been forced to be net Antilles because of it.
The major population centers are in the Greater Antilles.
In the rest of Latin America, the tendency is toward greater urbanism.
San Juan, Santo Domingo, and Havana have over 2 million residents.
The rimland states are not very settled.
In contrast to the islands, the mainland territories of Columbus were home to the indigenous population.
Initially, European plant ter, Suriname, and Belize only employed white indentured labor at a rate of 8 per square kilometer.
The areas are located in sugar plantations.
The relatively poor quality and accessibility of especially vulnerable to Malaria in the lowland Caribbean made newcomers from Europe less attractive to colonial enterprises.
Africans had some immunity because of their prior exposure to Malaria.
They died from malaria at a lower rate.
The economic rationale for slavery in the region was strengthened prior to European contact with the New World because of diseases such as Malaria.
The demographic collapse of Amerindian populations caused these diseases to contribute to tality rates being very high.