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22.11 Carboxylic Acids and Esters
The plots of electrostatic potential show that the carbonyl group is highly polar.
It is RCOOR.
The structures of some carboxylic acids are shown in Figure 22.10.
If you replace the H on the OH with an alkyl group, we name them as if they were derived from a carboxylic acid.
The base name of the compound is formed by the R group from the parent acid.
ethanoic acid is also known as acetic acid.
acetic acid is used in a variety of products.
Wines left open to air become sour because of the oxidation of ethanol.
acetic acid is formed when yeasts andbacteria convert sugars in bread dough.
These are used to make sourdough bread.
The sour taste of limes can be attributed to the acid in its mouth.
They are best known for their sweet smells.
The smell of pineapples is caused by ethyl butanoate.
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