In order for Europe to rise, it had to have control over world trade in the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic world.
Acquisition of New World colonies was the accidental result of explorers seeking direct access to the rich Afroeurasian trade world and brought new sources of wealth and raw materials to Europeans.
The Industrial Revolution, which dramatically increased the pace of production and distribution while reducing their cost, was a key factor in the rise of Europe.
After Britain, other European nations followed.
By the middle of the 19th century, the gap between Western industrial production and standards of living and those of the non-West had grown dramatically, bringing with it the economic dependence of nonWestern nations, meager wages for their largely impoverished populations, and increasingly aggressive Western imperial ambitions.
Non-Western countries began to experience their own processes of industrialization in the late 19th century.
A surge in productivity in China, India, and other nonWestern nations has many questioning how long Western economic leadership will last.
You can do these exercises online.
There are some basic terms about this period.
A more advanced understanding of the chapter material is required for the exercise below.
Take a look at the changes brought on by industrialization by filling in the chart below with descriptions of key aspects of work and home life for cottage and factory workers.
Now that you've reviewed key elements of the chapter, try to see the bigger picture.
In your answers, use specific examples from the chapter.
How did British innovators solve Europe before and after 1816?
Imagine that you have to explain Chapter 23 to someone who hasn't read it.