Legislators must accept the bill of sale presented to them in order for an interest group to succeed.
The National Rifle Association's membership consists of a small percentage of the American public.
Because of its image, the public is aware of its stance, and polls show that many people support its position.
The success and failure of interest groups, lobbyists, and PACs depends on their public image and their ability to influence the outcome of public policy.
A good example of how a special interest group can influence public policy is the National Rifle Association.
The political influence of the NRA has been felt by both parties.
Democrats voted for the assault weapons ban in 1994.
The Republicans took control of Congress because of this.
The assault weapons ban was signed into law by President Clinton, but the law was not renewed in 2004.
The Supreme Court ruled that Washington, D.C. did not have the right to ban handguns.
If you look at their website, you will see their extensive outreach program.
There are a lot of attempts by special interests to control the policy agenda.
When the system works, compromise and bipartisanship happen.
Special interests are called to task when the system breaks down.
Madison's concern about groups is debatable.
They are part of the political process.
They rely on them more than elected officials.
If the Congress passes an assault weapons ban, the NRA may not be able to stop it.
There is a conflict of interest that arises.
Running a candidate would only attract a small segment of the electorate because a special interest group is usually interested in a specific issue.
Special interest groups can't give money to federal judges.
The correct answer is choice B.
Whether it is abortion, guns, or a general category of supporting labor or business interests, these groups still recruit membership from the sphere they are trying to influence.
To say that interest groups try to attract diverse memberships is not true.
Some students may be thrown out because of Supreme Court decisions.
The exception is that some interest groups are getting more donations from their members.
It doesn't follow that more interest groups would form if there is an increased demand for campaign reform.
Choice C is not seen by the public and interest groups do not run their own members for political office.
The best chance for success is if the elected official agrees with the position of the special interest group or has a constituency who is against the issue being discussed.
It's rare for money to be invested in candidates who will vote against the position the PAC is taking.
People who think that every woman has the right to have an abortion will look for pro-choice groups, while people who think that every woman has the right to have a gun will look for a group like the NRA.
The major function of Choices A and B is to endorse candidates.
Funding is not their primary function.
A special interest group can only attract narrowly based memberships, so choice E is incorrect.
Lobbyists are not allowed on the floor of Congress.
Some individuals have abused the system and been accused of ethical malfeasance.
Special interest groups, lobbyists, and political action committees play different roles in the political process.
You will have to record your responses on paper.
Lobbyists and political action committees are usually formed through a common interest.
These groups try to advance their goals through political means.
Lobbyists are used to enhance a special interest group's goals through government officials, while committees that become directly involved in the political process are referred to as PACs.
The three groups have different goals and duties.
The public views these groups in a negative way because of the variety of tactics they use.
Lobbyists and political action committees are the ones who carry out these interest groups' goals.
Special interest groups are formed by the members of a common interest.
They only concentrate on one issue and have a very focused constituency.
Special interest groups can attract a lot of people from large sections of the United States.
The social, economic, and political needs of their members are helped by internal functions such as promises of succession.
A federal law that created a national minimum drinking age is an example of a special interest group that has benefited socially and politically.
A more powerful group that can have a great impact on public policy can be created by special interest groups.
Lobbyists are the next step in forming a powerful group.
Legislators see lobbyists as the people who write letters to congressmen and voice support for or against a particular issue.
Lobbyists use a variety of techniques.
Knowing as much as they can about the political situation and the people involved, being honest with the people they deal with, and understanding the goals of the group are some of the techniques used.
The National Rifle Association threatened a Florida senator's seat when the Crime Bill came up for a vote.
Lobbyists rely on their public image and their ability to influence public policy to succeed.
Political action committees raise money and make contributions to political campaigns.
Corporations were not allowed to form political action committees until the Federal Campaign Act of 1971 was passed.
The lifting of the prohibition against using corporate money to set up political action committees paved the way for trade associations and corporations to play a bigger role in politics.
FECA brought about a dramatic change in the way political money is raised and fostered an enormous growth in the number of political action committees involved in active politics.
Over the last few elections, the amount of money raised has been excessive.
Over $5 million has been given to individual political campaigns.
Most of the money given to congressional candidates in 2000 was to incumbents.
For giving an example of a tactic used by special interest groups, lobbyists, and political action committees, one point is earned.