We have a variety of beliefs and opinions about politics, the economy, and society that help us make sense of our world, but that can cause us to split into opposing camps.
These camps, or different belief values and beliefs that underlie our culture, are dependent on the arguments we make to defend them.
We can't pretend to live in a world where we learn our values at our parents' dinner table.
There are more and more arguments that are harder to sort out in a mediated age.
To a person who disagrees with our prescriptions, we are as wrong as they think we are.
In fact, anyone who pays attention to American politics knows that we disagree about many specific political ideas and issues, and that our differences have gotten more passionate and divided in recent years.
Our range of debate in the United States is relatively narrow compared to other countries because we still share a political culture.
We don't have any successful communist or socialist parties here because the ideologies on which those parties are founded seem to most Americans to push the limits of procedural and individualism too far.
The two main ideological camps in the United States are the liberals and the conservatives, with many Americans falling in between.
Even though he ran for president as a democrat, he lost the nomination to Hillary Clinton.
There are many ways to describe American ideologies.
It is based on traditional social values, distrust of government action, resistance to change, and maintenance of a prescribed social order.
We focus on the two main ideological dimensions of economics and social order issues for a more nuanced understanding of ideology in America.
Conservatives and liberals differ on how much they trust the government to regulate a market.
Conservatives think that government is not a good economic actor because it has too much power.
Conservatives who think government should be less involved in the economy are on the right, while liberals who think government should be more involved are on the left.
In the 1980s and 1990s there was an ideological aspect to the United States.
Perhaps because, as some researchers have argued, most people are able to meet their basic economic needs and more people than ever before are identifying themselves as middle class, many Americans began to focus less on economic questions and more on issues of morality and quality of life.
The new ideological dimensions, which is similar to the social order dimensions, divides people on the question of how much government control there should be over the moral and social order, whether government's role should be limited to protecting individual rights and providing procedural guarantees of equality and due.
Even though most people in the United States don't want to create a social order that makes all moral and political decisions for their subjects, some people still think that the government should create and protect a version of a preferred social order.
Conservatives aren't the only ones who want to tell people how to live their lives.
The more traditional liberal and conservative orientations toward government action are not compatible with this social order ideological dimensions.
Economic liberals hold views that fall into the upper- left part of the figure because they are willing to allow government to make substantive decisions about the economy.
Liberals favor a hands-off stance when it comes to government regulation of individuals' private lives.
They are willing to allow government to regulate murder, rape, and theft, but they don't believe that social order issues such as reproductive choices, marijuana usage, gay rights, and assisted suicide are important for government regulation.
Women, minorities, gays, and immigrants have historically been left out of the power structure in the American social order.
Their love for their country is notCondensed by the view that the government should be held to the same strict procedural standard to which individuals are held--laws must be followed, checks and balances adhere to in order to limit government power, and individual rights protected, even when the individuals are citizens
Economic conservatives prefer to limit the government's role in economic decision making, like changing interest rates and cutting taxes to end recessions, elimination of unfair trade practices, and provision of some public goods.
When it comes to immigration, they prefer more open policies since immigrants tend to work more cheaply and help keep the labor market competitive for business.
libertarians believe that only minimal government action in any sphere is acceptable and are the most extreme holders of economic conservative views.
The government is held accountable for sticking to the checks and balances that limit its power by economic conservatives.
Although they still want the freedom to make their own moral choices, they are happy to see some government action to create a more diverse and equal power structure and to regulate individual behavior to enhance health.
They want to name and shame those who do not share their substantive view of a community of disadvantaged groups that struggle against an oppressive power structure and they believe higher education should provide "safe spaces" where offensive language and popular culture should be banned.
Their commitment to a community based on equality of all people is the most extreme.
Because American political culture is procedural both economically and socially, not a lot of Americans are strong adherents of an ideology that calls for a substantive government role in both dimensions.
Some of the policy prescriptions of social liberals, such as environmentalism, gun control, and political correctness, are picked up by many economic liberals.
Following the Great Depression, many of the social conservatives who were members of the working class were likely to be New Deal liberals because they shared economic conservatives' views on limited government involvement in the economy.
They may support government social programs for people who are deserving.
Their main concern is with their vision of the moral tone of life, which includes an emphasis on fundamentalist religious values, government control of reproductive choices, opposition to gay rights, and public display of religious icons.
They don't like change or diversity that they think is destructive to the preferred social order.
Immigration threatens the majority that keeps the social order in place by bringing in people who are different.
In a world where groups make claims of discrimination for historical or social reasons, they believe that they themselves are discriminated against for being white and Christian.
Social conservatives seek to protect people's moral character, and they embrace an authoritarian idea of community that emphasizes a hierarchical order rather than equality for all.
A powerful state is seen as a sign of strength on the international stage since limited government is not appreciated here.
Less worried about limiting government power over individual lives, they adopt more of a "my country right or wrong," "America First" view that sees criticism of the United States as unpatriotic.
Many people find it hard to identify themselves as conservative or liberal because they consider themselves liberal on some issues.
If we distinguish between economic and social-moral values, major groups in society might line up.
The religious right, who are very conservative on political and moral issues, but who were once part of the coalition of southern blue-collar workers who supported Roosevelt on the New Deal, are the real spatial distances that we can see.
It can be difficult for a Republican candidate on the national stage to hold together an unwieldy coalition.