Charles Beard argued in his An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution that the founding fathers were concerned with protecting the wealth of the property class.
The delegates to the convention were portrayed as wealthy men who cared about the financial interests of the class.
The framers of the Constitution did not try to eliminate wealth from the Constitution because they believed it was a main source of political conflict.
Voting, representation, slavery, and trade were some of the compromises made at the convention.
The delegates decided to let the individual states decide the criteria for voting qualifications because of the importance of wealth.
Each state was able to determine who was eligible to vote in the national elections for Congress and the president based on property.
The issue of how to create a new Congress split the convention between the larger more populous states and the smaller states.
Each state should have equal representation according to the smaller states.
The population argument was made by the Virginia Plan.
The Great Compromise resulted in the creation of a bicameral Congress with one house representing the states and the other the population.
A number of compromises were made.
The divisive issue of slavery had to be solved after the structure of the new Congress was agreed upon.
There was no doubt that Jefferson's idea of "All men are created equal" would never see the light of day in the new Constitution.
The issues of slave trade and slave representation had to be solved.
If the North agreed to return fugitive slaves, the South would stop the import of slaves.
The issue of representation was more difficult.
The balance of power in the House of Representatives could have been held by the South if each slave had been counted as one person.
The Three-Fifths Compromise was agreed on.
Three people would be counted for tax purposes if every five slaves were counted.
The North wanted to tax Southern exports to Europe and protect their own manufactured goods.
The South did not want to tax their own exports.
They agreed to tax imports.
The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation were addressed by the delegates.
Protection of the property owner was the primary concern.
Congress was given the power to tax, regulate interstate and foreign commerce, create a viable national currency, and make "all laws necessary and proper" to carry out their stated powers.
States were not allowed to duplicate the powers of the federal government that would have an impact on the nation's economy.
The relationship between the two branches of government became the benchmark of the new Constitution as the drafters also saw the need for a chief executive and a court system.
The fight to approve the new Constitution led to the creation of the first political parties.
The issue of individual rights could jeopardize the approval of the new Constitution because the philosophy of each party reflected an economic base.
Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison argued that a tyranny of the majority could threaten the economic fiber of the nation.
The separation of the three branches of government was believed to ensure the protection of minorities.
The necessity of a government that would be forced to compromise as a result of the separate powers of each branch was outlined in a series of articles published as the Federalist Papers.
They thought the Constitution had enough safeguards for individuals.
Each state was given full faith and credit by the Constitution.
The prohibition of suspending the writ, as well as the prohibition of the passage of ex post facto laws and bills of attainder laws, were all pointed out by the Federalists.
The upper class, bankers, and rich property owners were typically represented by the Federalists.
The economic philosophy was clearly expressed in the papers.
George Mason and Richard Henry Lee were the spokesmen for the Anti-Federalists.
They argued that the principles of the Declaration of Independence would be eroded by the new Constitution in a rival publication.
They felt that the Constitution would establish an economic elite and create the potential for an abusive federal government, especially in the area of protecting individual rights.
The Anti-Federalists wanted a bill of rights in the new Constitution.
The civil liberties of the individual could be easily abused by a powerful president supported by the Congress.
Even with the guarantees, the sovereignty of the states became a concern.
In New York, the argument was more heated than anywhere else.
The Anti-Federalists prevented the approval of the Constitution until Congress approved a bill of rights.
The common people were represented by the Anti-Federalists.
They did not accept the base represented by the Federalists.
The choices reflect the consequences of the correct answer.
If natural rights are the basis of government, then minority rights would be protected and there would be democratic rule.
You might get confused if you know that Locke was a classical philosopher.
Equal rights for women were incorrect choices.
Slavery and the central government's role were decided by the Constitutional Convention.
The Connecticut Plan was a part of the Constitution.
The purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to outline grievances against Great Britain.
The Declaration of Independence was not a constitution even though it was incorporated into the Constitution.
To choose the best answer, you have to understand the substance of the paper.
The president's term was not limited until the Twenty-Second Amendment was passed.
The provisions of the Constitution allow for a two-thirds vote to pass a treaty.
The only branch of government that was voted directly at the time of ratification is depicted in choice E. The election of the president is done through the electoral college, but the direct election of senators was not done until 1913.
The New Jersey Plan tried to create a single house based on equality of states and the Virginia Plan tried to create a single house based on population.
Both ideas were incorporated into a bicameral legislature.
The federal government is stronger than a confederacy.
The proper game plan for the structure of government is the formation of three branches--president, legislative and judiciary.
Madison thought each branch would have its own powers.
The branches should be able to check each other's power.
The people's input on how the government should be run is important to the government.
The federal constitution made the states conform to the central document after it was put in place.
The Articles of Confederation were replaced by a new republican government.
James Madison showed how the downfall of the government under the Articles of Confederation was caused by a group of people.
Setting up republican governments in the individual states of the union would keep the national government under control.
The argument that a republic could only be extended over a certain sphere of territory began with the writings of Montesquieu.
He said that a large republic has two advantages over a small one: a larger electorate and more qualified candidates.
According to this document, the main problem in government is that people who are most fit to rule do so as elected officials.
There is a republic and a democracy.
Republics are brought together because territory and people are more important than power.
The issue of a federal government becoming omnipotent was one of the main concerns of the Anti-Federalists.
They preferred states' rights over others.
The threat of the federal government superseding the rights of the states would be lessened if the states were given jurisdiction to protect the rights of their citizens.
Modern-day issues that symbolize the ideas that the framers had in mind are related to them.
Presidential power is important to our country's government.
A weak and feeble executive who cannot lead will result in a bad execution of presidential powers and the government as a whole.
Congress is more powerful if the president is weak.
There are many issues concerning the presidency that are found in the Constitution.
The characteristics of the Constitution can be seen through the power of the president.
The idea of a civilian commander in chief being the president is covered in both the Constitution and the Federalist Papers.
The idea of asking Congress to declare war is one of the most important duties carried out by the president.
The Continental Congress voted that the president should have the power to declare war and act as commander in chief, but in practice he has to get approval from the Congress.
The process limits the executive power but still allows for a large amount of control by the executive, which is what the Federalists wanted.
As long as there is a specific aspect of the government, other Federalist Papers can be used.