The Second Great Immunity of Man is an Original who considered themselves to be orthodox Presbyterians.
The Law of Nature was violated when he disapprov'd his Doctrine.
All of these writers believe in God.
Benjamin Franklin and John Wise stress the importance of reason and virtue as guides to human conduct.
George Whitefield traveled to Georgia in 1738 for his first trip to North America.
The first edition of Benjamin Franklin's journal was published in 1739 and the copy pictured here was printed a year later.
The importance of the print revolution to eighteenth-century culture is highlighted in this text.
Books, magazines, and newspapers were used to convey Enlightenment ideas.
Strengthened and for allowing women to speak in public, it was "a plain self-confident, these converts, the so-called New breach of that commandment of the lord, where it is lights, were eager to spread the message."
The rise of print is related to this enthusiasm.
There are no books without the minister's permission.
Whitefield refused to be silenced.
Dozens of farmers, women, and his circle did their best to answer the demand for artisans in the countryside, condemning the Old devotional reading.
As he traveled, Whitefield sent excerpts of his journal to be printed in the news, "I shall bring glory to God in my bonds."
The sident preacher wrote from jail.
In travels, conversion narratives, sermons, and other New England, New Lights left the Congregational devotional literature to confirm Pietists in their Church and founded 125 "separatist" churches that faith and strengthen the communication networks that supported their ministers through voluntary contribu sustained them.
The Great Awakening was declared by a Baptist preacher.
It was controversial in New York.
In what ways was the revivalist meetings and the New whose churches could not serve their spread of ideas during the lights' claims of "working Miracles needs"?
The lack of Great Awakening was similar to that of a university-trained minister.
In 1700 and 1740, the churches had the most members.
The Presbyterian and Baptists outnumbered the Anglicans by 1780 because of their evangelical message.
The growth of immigrant denominations was equally impressive.
Half of the pulpits were empty.
The author of the spiritual needs of African Americans and landless people should not be from theology but from the experience of conversion, according to Gilbert Tennent.
Affirmative of the population.
The core of Tennent was formed by Luther's belief in the priesthood of all Christians, which made up 35 percent of the residents.
5 percent of the authors held the real power, but promi redeeming grace could speak for them.
A New Light "exhorter" in their control of parish finances.
Rhode Island refused to stop talking.
When her minister silenced her, the clergyman complained that dismissal would make her disappear.
In 1746, a democratization College of New Jersey (Princeton) and New of religion challenged the dominance of the York Anglicans founded King's College.
The College of Rhode Island was set up by Baptists in 1764, two years after the Dutch Reformed Whitefield's sermon led a group of Virginia Anglicans Church subsidized Queen's College in New.
Looking for a deeper religious state.
Morris invited New Light Presbyterian Great Awakening because it was not education for the privileged Samuel Davies to lead their prayer meetings.
The sermons, filled with erotic devotional imagery and European visitor to Philadelphia remarked in surprise, urging Christians to feel "ardent passion".
The social authority of the Virginia gentry was threatened by British North America and the Atlantic World.
The Baptists' message that all superiority was meaningless if freeholders attended people was welcomed by the gentry's in Virginia.
It was a threat to other churches.
The tax-supported status of the Anglican Church was changed because of religious pluralism.
The planters' decadent lifestyle was demned by white yeomen and poor tenant families in the Church.
The Baptist ministers converted thousands of white farm with violence.
Brother John Waller was attacked by the Baptists at a prayer meeting.
Multi Slaves were welcome at Baptist revivals despite the attacks.
During the Great Awakening, the Baptist movement gained enormous influence.
The social order in New England was challenged by Baptists and other leaders.
They ministered to African American slaves and ridiculed the pretensions of the gentry in Virginia.
A group of people gathered on the banks of the river in Pennsylvania to witness thebaptism of a new convert.
The Baptist River is a sign of their state of grace.
They forged a new evangelical masculin away from French posts.
The Ohio Company of Virginia was a partnership of when touched by the Holy Spirit.
The French rejected the pleas of evangelical women.
By midcentury, Britain had control of the political system.
The Baptist relied on the Confederacy to help poor tenant families in the Northeast.
The Covenant Chain had become a defend their economic interests because of spiritual meaning.
The cul speak for other groups throughout the region because of the tural gulf between blacks and whites.
The Delawares and other groups gave the Ohio blacks a new religious identity.
Valley escaped the yoke within a generation.
The influence of the Ohio would be maintained by African Americans if they developed distinctive versions.
"half-kings," Tanaghrisson and Scarouady, to the native settlement of Logstown, a trading town on the upper Ohio, where The Midcentury Challenge: Britain recognized them as leaders.
The French built forts from Lake Erie to the Ohio in the 17th century in response to British inroads.
The Governor sent an expedition formed colonial life to reestablish the British.
A year-old Virginian whose half-brothers were Ohio the Great War for Empire started a worldwide conflict after Britain went to war against George Washington.
Most of the Ohio Indians decided to become indebted to the British because of Washington's discovery that boosted colonial consumption.
Only the half-kings and a few of their westward migration sparked warfare with Indian followers supporting his efforts.
After Washington's peoples, violent disputes between settlers and land party fired on a FrenchDetachment, Tanaghrisson speculators and eastern rebellions rushed in and killed a French officer to ensure war.
Washington's party was defeated by a larger French force.
Virginian and British expansionists to North America came to a head in 1754 because of French and British claims.
The colonies were notoriously incapable and trading posts that sustained alliances with neigh of cooperating in their own defense were some of the forts that the worri maintained.
The Chain's soft underside was in need of repair.
In the 17th century, the British alliance with the Iroquois was unhappy and the British neglected the displaced Indian populations.
In the 1740s, British traders, Ohio Indians, France, and Britain traveled down the Ohio Valley without consulting them.
France, Spain, and the British-owned Hudson Bay Company staked claim to the vast areas of North America still inhabited by Indian peoples.
The land east of the Appalachian Mountains was already occupied by British settlers.
In order to protect their lands west of the mountains, Native Americans played off one European power against another.
Indians had to face encroaching Anglo-American settlers on their own when France was expelled from North America in 1763.
The independence of the colonial assembly and the authority of Parliament would have been compromised by the plan.
The push toward war did not stop despite the fact that it never received serious consideration.
The debate over war with France was sparked by the fight for the Ohio.
Two expansionist-minded war hawks -- rising British statesman William Pitt and Lord Halifax, the new head of the Board of Trade -- persuaded Pelham to launch an American war.
The British and New England troops captured Fort Beausejour in Nova Scotia in the summer of 1755.
In 1754 he urged Great Britain to go to war, but it was defeated.
General Edward became a celebrity after he reported in newspapers in Britain and the colonies.
George was reported in newspapers there.
A rich silk waistcoat, an overcoat trimmed, a ruffled shirt, and a tricorn hat were gifts from his British allies, while he held a wampum belt.
British arms could easily be used in the Brown Library.
The British Board of Trade was wounded and more than half of Braddock's troops were killed.
In June 1754 we called a meeting at Albany.
There was a prom beaten by a group of men, and George Washington's Mohawk leader called for Britain to defend its interests in Virginia.
By 1756, the American conflict had spread to Europe.
Britain and Prussia would have been against France, Spain, and Austria.
The British and Virginia militiamen left Fort Cumberland in western Maryland in May 1755 in order to oust the French from Fort Duquesne.
The French garrison of 200 troops and 600 Indian allies set out to ambush his force as he neared the fort.
They met the British on a narrow road.
George Washington reported that the British troops behaved with more cowardice than they could have imagined as the French and Indians fanned out to attack.
General Braddock, who died from his wounds, was one of the British casualties.
The Great War for Empire began when Britain mounted major offensives in India, West Beginning in 1758, the powerful Anglo-American Africa, and the West Indies as well as in North America.
William Pitt was the architect of the British.
Pitt captured Fort Louisbourg with arrogance and was a committed expansionist.
I know I can save the country at the mouth of the St. Lawrence.
James Wolfe was a master strategist who planned to cripple France by seizing its colonies.
He enjoyed the demographic of France's American empire when he took Quebec.
The French had 14 to 1 advantage since George II's 2 million subjects out of French reinforcements from crossing the Atlantic.
Pitt paid half of the cost of their troops and supplied Canada with Montreal in 1760 in order to allow British forces to complete the conquest of nists.
He committed a fleet of British ships and the British won Cuba and the Philippines in the war in America.
After a full-scale war with France began in 1756, it took almost three years for the British ministry to equip colonial forces.
British and colonial troops captured Quebec in 1759 and Montreal in 1760 after attacking the heartland of New France.
The allies were divided by this conquest.
British officers did not respect colonial soldiers.
They limit the number of Anglo-American settlers.
You are dead men because it gave Britain sovereignty over you.
In 1763, inspired by Britain and Neolin's nativist vision, Pontiac led a major uprising that was nearly worldwide.
After his example, Indians throughout Britain seized nearly every Native American group in the late stages of the war and killed or captured more than 2,000 native.
After British military expeditions defeated the Delawares near Fort Pitt and broke the siege of Detroit, the army reclaimed all the posts it had lost.
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued by the British ministry because they realized how expensive it was to control the trans-Appalachian west.
Many people would ignore it.
Britain was indebted to its military and diplomatic success.
When it wrested control of many ocean trade routes from the Dutch in 1700, Britain became the dominant commercial power in the Atlantic and Indian oceans.
It was the first country to use new manufacturing technology and work discipline to increase output.
Britain would soon be the most powerful nation in the world.
Britain's Industrial Merchants gained enormous wealth in the mid-eightteenth century and Revolution because of mechanical power.
British artisans designed and built water.
Nicholas Boylston was powered by mills and steam engines.
Boylston flaunts his exotic possessions in this portrait, painted and looms for spinning and weaving textiles.
He would have worn a wig outside for forging iron.
Boylston wears a red velvet turban to keep his methods up to date.
His morning gown of heavy silk damask produced woolen and linen textiles, iron tools, furni covers a rich waistcoat, casually unbuttoned in the middle to reveal his elegant ruffled shirt.
Boylston rests his left elbow on ture and chinaware in greater quantities, and at two thick account books, an unmistakable reminder of the lower cost.
Entrepreneurs are the source of his wealth.
The Museum of Fine Arts had to force Boston because of new workshops.
English and Scottish merchants supplied Europe's with a full year's worth of breadbasket of the Atlantic World instead of the exploding population with wheat.
30 percent of all British exports were used by Americans.
John nists increased their exports of tobacco, rice, indigo, and wheat when Adams was practicing law in Boston.
Using credit advanced by Scottish mer the city's wealthiest merchants, "to view the Furniture, chants, planters in Virginia bought land, slaves, and which alone cost a thousand pounds sterling," he wrote.
The prosperity of Europe.
The colonies were granted in debt by Charles II.
During the wartime boom of the 17th century, farms in Wyoming Valley were sold to Pennsylvania residents.
In the late 17th century, settlers from Connecticut and Pennsylvania burned down their rivals' houses and deficits through the extension of credit and Pitt's barns, as Britain financed them.
Merchants were worried about their cabin being overstocked, and Teedyuscung's son Captain Bull was afraid of bankruptcy.
"I think we have a led a war party that destroyed a community of gloomy prospect before us," said a Philadelphia trader Connecticut settlers.
Americans were more dependent on overseas credit putes in the Hudson River Valley due to the increase in transatlantic trade.
Dutch tenant farmers, Wappinger Indians, and migrants from Massachusetts claimed ownership of lands in The Struggle for Land in the East.
In good times and bad, the population continued to turn to the legal system to uphold their claims, intensifying the demand for arable land.
Dutch and English farmers have the experience of Kent, Connecticut.
Albany and Gen counties rioted to close the courts.
New York's royal governor ordered British new farms, but Kent stood at the colony's western troops to assist local sheriffs and manorial bailiffs.
To provide for the next generation, many suppressed the tenant uprisings, intimidated the Kent families, and evicted the Massachusetts squatters.
The company urged tocrats had successfully revived legal claims based on the Connecticut legislature's claim to the region on the long-dormant seventeenth-century charters.
British imports grew at a faster rate than the American population in the 17th century.
By 1772, Americans had created a cumulative debt of PS2 million due to their annual trade deficit with their British suppliers.
The Indians were refused by the leaders.
The Scots-Irishmen advanced on Philadelphia.
There was violence in eastern areas.
Fearing slave revolts, the lowland rice planters who were rivals with the Indians and officials of the eastern part of the state compromised.
Governments dominated in the 17th century.
The South Carolina Regulators original proprietor, Lord Granville, who was the heir of a Boys in Pennsylvania, was able to collect an annual tax but failed to wrest land from the eastern elite.
Many farmers were unable to pay their debts due to the sharp fall in tobacco prices.
Europe and America were sued.
To avoid the status of European farmers for payment, judges ordered sheriffs to seize peasants, native-born yeomen and tenant families.
Many farmers who lost their land joined the stream of European migrants searching for it or ended up in jail for resisting court cheap land near the Appalachian Mountains.
To save their farms, North Carolina's debtors play a crucial role.
The maturing colonies would take disciplined mobs.
Dramatic changes in Brit the assembly and a just revenue system were observed in this chapter.
Governor William Tryon mobilized British troops European migration and the African slave trade as a result of natural increase.
The eastern militia defeated the large print revolution and the British Atlantic Regulator force at the Alamance River.
When the European fighting ended, thirty men lay dead, and Tryon sum Enlightenment and European Pietism transformed the seven executed leaders.
The colonies' material culture has not been altered since a flood of British consumer goods in Virginia in 1675.
Colonists faced three major regional political issues.
In New England, the yeoman ideal of indepen became linked with imperial politics as smaller farms were threatened by colonial conflicts.
In Connecticut, families are forced to limit births, the Reverend Ezra Stiles moved the North Carolina to the frontier, or participated in an "exchange" econ Regulators.
Growing religious and cultural identities competed with British policies of taxation for access to land and political power.
Civil unrest among whites and new interest in western lands triggered a con primarily on Britain for their trade with Indian peoples.
Britain stood triumphant in the potential to exist independently after the fighting had evolved into complex societies.
Explain the significance of each term.
You can demonstrate your understanding of the chapter's main ideas by answering these questions.
Half of North America was handed over to the British in the Great War for Empire.
How did the South do?
Answer these questions to recognize the larger developments within and across the chapters.
The South Atlantic System, an engine painting of George Whitefield, opened the colonies of economic growth that tied Britain's chapter.
Consider the postures in the British Atlantic world.
As they listened, how through their minds.
The events discussed in this chapter can be found here.
You should ask yourself why this chapter begins and ends with these dates.
The Ohio Company grant, land conflict along the New York and New England border, and the defeat of the North Carolina Regulators were some of the events that took place during the 18th century.
The first act of the drama is over.
The American empire fell into war.
The republican revolution went far beyond politics.
After rejecting attempts to reform the British, thePatriots aligned their movement with constructing republican governments and won independence.
Antislavery; women's rights; religious liberty; social took still longer to decide how much power the equality had.
The federal republic should have control over the states.
None of them were endorsed by the American Revolution.
It's the sense that the similarly unformed and slow to develop.
John Adams said that the political revolution was a memorable event in the history of the human race.
They became central to the Legislature's abolition of slavery in the North, as well as the heightening of religious liberty by allowing freedom of forms of competition.
In the system of legally established churches, the States fought wars with Native Americans.
A new wave of Great Britain was created by the postwar trans-Appalachian west to gain new territory.
The republican creed placed family authority in the national and state governments in the hands of men and political power in the hands of their citizens, which is why Americans generations continued to argue over social equality.
The Revolution's meaning would be debated for decades in American public life.
The commitment to economic opportunity is arranged in this timeline.
The events of this period are themes.
How did the American get to the Pacific Ocean?
The revolution challenge existing social arrange merchants.
Consider the role of religion in and other privileges to assist businesses and to improve American life, the status of women, and the infrastructure.
Slaves were used to grow an institution of slavery.
Cotton is a new staple crop.
By 1820, the American republic was on the verge of achieving economic and political independence.
The effort to define an American culture and identity was hampered by the diversity of the United States' borders.
Black Americans were developing a distinct African American culture, while White Americans were enmeshed in vigorous regional ethnic communities.
Increasing participation in the market economy and in evangelical Protestant churches helped to unite Americans of diverse background.
To be an American meant to be a republican, a Protestant, and an entrepreneurial individual.