Juan Manuel deRosas ruled as a dictator in Argentina during the 19th century.
The rise of the dictator Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna in the mid-nineteenth century was caused by constant civil unrest, despite liberals declaring a federal republic in Mexico.
Like wise in Venezuela, dictators ruled from 1830 to 1892.
The ruling generals were charismatic military leaders who were able to get mass support for their governments.
Even though his economic policies favored the elite, Jose Antonio Paez was able to maintain his popularity even though he presented himself as a patron of the common man.
Some rulers were related.
The generalization is that Creoles have a tight hold on power.
Juarez was an advocate of de mocracy.
He led efforts to reduce the power of the Catholic Church.
Juarez served five terms as president of Mexico.
During the years of war, the economic lives of most Latin American countries were disrupted.
When the men were demobilized, many did not return to their homes.
Population displacement hurt agriculture and mining.
The seizure of private property for military use ruined many people.
The abolition of slavery was accelerated by the push for independence.
The collapse of the plantation system was caused by the de struction of agriculture in countries such as Mexico and Venezuela.
Slaves were offered their freedom in exchange for military service.
Cuba and Brazil did not free their slaves until 1886 and 1886, respectively.
In the 19th century, Latin America of blacks had greater economic and social mobility than did the United States.
The Creole elite in Latin America viewed race mixture as a civilizing process that took the blood of Africans and Indians.
Light-skinned people of color in Latin America can rise economically and socially in a way that darker skinned people can't.
Political instability discouraged foreign investment in Latin America.
Foreign investors turned to Latin America for raw materials and basic commodities after the development of stable dictatorships in Europe and the United States.
Foreign capitalists owned modern business enterprises that led the way.
The growing international network of railroads, ports, and ocean freighters allow these firms to specialize in a single product.
British and American interests supported the development of tin, copper, and gold mining in Mexico.
Argentina's railroads, meatpacking industry, and utilities were financed by British capi tal.
Brazil produced 76 percent of the world's coffee by 1904.
Outside entrepreneurs were attracted by the extension of railroads.
By the turn of the century, the Latin American nations were active participants in the international economic order, but foreigners controlled most of their industries, and their governments used force when they felt their economic interests were threatened.
Referred to the U.S.-financed building of the Panama Canal.
The Panama Canal was secured by Americans in 1904 on their own terms.
The lives of their political independence were taken by this monumental construction project.
The United States was in control of the Panama Canal Zone until 1999.
He died a month after we arrived.
This was the first trouble that I felt bad about.
She volunteered to go to treat wounded soldiers.
It was natural for me to show it to those who do not inherit her tastes, and I had a desire to go to medical school in North America from the time I was a child.
She died in my arms.
I went to my mother's house, where I stayed, to avoid a long, weary, and dangerous sea voyage, as well as learning a lot of Creole medicine.
The nation's economic well-being could be in danger if world demand for a product drops.
Indians and mestizos were the majority of the workers on the plantations.
Indians were pushed out of the way when their land was taken in the United States and Canada.
There are large landed estates.
There are some shades of deeper and wan that I have.
The news that met my skin was brown, but we didn't want me to lose my identity, so I am proud of my relationship with my brother.
You once held ague with some minor whose bodies America still has diseases.
I only stayed one night in the heard with my ears proof posi place because my medicine chest was so bad.
I could not give them warmth, sustenance, and impatience of the airs of fresh air because I could not give them the remedies they wanted.