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34.3 Digestive Enzymes
The excess bile is stored in the gallbladder.
bile becomes a thick, mucuslike material when water is reabsorbed by the gallbladder.
When bile is needed, the gallbladder contracts, releasing bile into the duodenum via the common bile duct.
The cholesterol content of bile can be found in solution.
The stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball.
The common bile duct may be blocked by the passage of stones from the gallbladder.
The gallbladder needs to be removed.
Discuss how each accessory organ contributes to the digestion of food.
There are different types of vitamins and minerals that are eaten in the mouth, stomach, and small intestine.
The major components of food are broken down by the various digestive juices present.
There is a polysaccharide in the mouth.
The small intestine can convert maltose toglucose, which can be absorbed.
The stomach is where the process of digestion begins.
Gastric juice Page 648 has a low pH because it contains hydrochloric acid.
There is a substance that acts on a substance to produce something.
Peptides are too large to be absorbed by the lining of the gut, but later they are broken down to their basic building blocks in the small gut.
The small intestine breaks down a lot of things.
Pancreatic juice has a basic pH because it contains NaHCO3.
The cells of the villi are actively transported into the Starch is absorbed into the cells of the villi.
In the case of the villi of the gut, the digesters are actively transported into the cells of the villi.
There is a movement of amino acids into the bloodstream.
Fats are emulsified by bile.
These diffuse into cells where they form lipoproteins called chylomicrons.
The chylomicrons enter the lacteal.
Trypsin is converted to trypsin in the duodenum.
Maltase and peptidases are the small intestine'sidases that complete the digestion of starches to sugars.
Otheramylases are produced by the brush border of the small intestine.
Illness can be caused by the absence of any of these enzymes.
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