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5 -- Part 9: The Greek Experience
There is an extremely large scaling ladder carried on ships.
The ladders were disabled by hitting them with stones weighing 500 pounds.
The Romans shouted "There it is" whenever they saw rope or a stick of timber projecting over one of the walls protecting Syracuse.
The man is trying an engine on us.
When the Romans conquered the walls of the Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily, an intellectual center in which a Roman soldier came upon pursued scientific interests, he was born.
He killed him in his study.
The principle of the lever was included in a 13th century manuscript that dealt with the basic principles of mathematics for the first time.
He once said that if he were given a lever and a suitable place to stand underneath the top text, he could move the world.
He showed how easy his compound pulley could be to move.
He used a camera to read the under weights, but then the manuscript vanished.
The Archimedian screw was invented to bring the sub of the lost works.
He didn't wait when he observed this method of solving the problem.
He sprang out of the tub and ran home naked, indicating in a loud voice that he had found what he was looking for.
Digital images of the entire manuscript can be used as evidence in the case of the War between Rome and Syracuse.
The king and his friend asked the scientist for help in repelling Roman attacks.
The devices that Archimedes built were artil ery.
Missiles were shot to break up infantry attacks.
Others threw huge stones that fell on the enemy.
They broke up attacks by tearing gaping holes in the Roman lines.
He built a machine that projected beams over Roman warships.
The ships were hit by great weights.
An apparatus with beams from which large claws dropped onto the hull of enemy warships, hoisted them into the air, and dropped them back into the sea was even more complicated.
He gained new insights into the workings and construction of the human body by analyzing corpses and observing larger social and cultural trends.
The ANCIENT GREEKS built on the achievements of earlier societies in the eastern Mediterranean, but they also added new elements, including history, drama, philosophy, science, and realistic art.
The Greek world was largely conquered by the Romans and the various monarchies became part of the Roman Empire.
The lines of conquest were reversed, with the Romans adapting many aspects of Greek culture, religion, and thought.
The influence of the ancient Greeks was not limited to the Romans.
Art and thought in northern India were shaped by the blend of Greek and Buddhist traditions.
European thinkers and writers tried to return to classical ideals in art, literature, and philosophy during the Renaissance.
The leaders of the Revolutionary era decided that important government buildings should be modeled after temples.
Capitol buildings in the United States are good examples of the legacy of Greece, with gleaming ideals of harmony, freedom, democracy, and beauty that do not always correspond with reality.
You can do these exercises online.
There are some basic terms about this period.
A more advanced understanding of the chapter material is required for the exercise below.
Now that you've reviewed key elements of the chapter, try to see the bigger picture.
In your answers, use specific examples from the chapter.
Alexander's empire warfare was a period of almost constant.
What impact did this have on the Near East?
Imagine that you have to explain Chapter 5 to someone who hasn't read it.
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