Each perspective uses different research methods, concepts, and vocabulary to explain thinking and behavior.
Knowing the vocabulary and concepts associated with each perspective can help you better understand psychological theories and quickly narrow down possible answers to exam questions.
If a question uses the term classical conditioning, you should be able to immediately identify the question as belonging in the behavioral area of psychology and look for answers that include other behavioral terms or key individuals.
The basis for the discussion of personality, abnormal psychology, and treatment of psychological disorders can be found in Chapters 10, 12 and 13 of Chapter 1.
Know what your terms are.
It's important that you don't confuse psychological terms with "pop" psychological ideas or casual ways of using the same words.
A psychologist says that people with a personality disorder are callous and unfeeling towards others.
Classical and operant conditioning are some of the different kinds of learning that are referred to as learning in psychological terms.
Chapter 6 contains more information about this.
You should be aware of the scientific meaning of psychological terms.
Most of the multiple-choice items on the exam measure your knowledge and ability to apply psychological terminology.
There is a science to psychology.
Common sense often offers conflicting ideas.
Understanding research methodology is vital to your performance on the exam and your understanding of the science of psychology, according to the "Methods" chapter of the book.
The key is a pplication.
The AP Psychology test is designed to measure your knowledge of psychological concepts and ability to apply them.
Exam items usually require you to go beyond defining terms by applying them to a scenario or making connections between different concepts.
The AP Psychology exam isn't designed to measure your writing ability or ability to express your knowledge in unique ways.
The goal of the exam is to assess your knowledge and ability to apply it.
You can use psychology to improve your study habits.
You have been a student for a long time and have received advice on how to study.
Use psychology to improve your study habits.
If you study for the AP Psychology exam, you can modify your study methods based on the research findings about the effectiveness of different techniques.
According to memory research, "distributed practice" is more effective than "massed practice", which is when you cram all your studying before the test.
You can save hours of study time by using memory techniques like chunking, mnemonic devices, and context cues.
According to the information-processing model, focusing on the meaning, context, and application of psychological ideas will increase your ability to recall and use psychological ideas.
Students can take advantage of the "testing effect" if they interrupt their reading and study with small "tests" of their knowledge.
You can use practice questions at the end of the chapter to test your knowledge.