ChAPTER 14 -- Part 5: Civilization in Eastern Europe:
Methodius, the missionary sent by failed, was more successful than the Roman Catholic missionaries.
The ability to speak the Europe and the Balkans aided the efforts of the Byzantine government.
The Slavic alphabet is based on Greek letters and was created by the two missionaries.
Orthodox Christianity is responsible for the creation of a written script for Slavic ity, well beyond the political borders of Byzantium.
The Byzantine missionaries were willing to use the name Cyrillic.
Cyril, a Byzantine missionary who was sent to eastern Europe and The East Central Borderlands the Balkans, converted southern Russia and Balkans to Orthodox Eastern missionaries.
Christianity and the Latin alphabet were responsible for creation in the Czech area as well as in Hungary and Poland.
The stretch of eastern Europe north of the Balkans was governed by a series of regional monarchies after the conversion to Christianity.
Most western kingdoms in territory were easily surpassed by the kingdoms of Poland, Bohemia, and Lithuania.
This was an active area for trade and industry.
Ironworking was more developed in the West before the 12th century.
Eastern Europe received an influx of Jews who were fleeing from the Middle East but also from western Europe.
Poland had the largest concentration of Jews.
Eastern Europe's Jews, who were largely barred from agriculture and resented by the Christian majority, gained strength in local commerce while maintaining their own religious and cultural traditions.
Although primarily for males, a strong emphasis on education and literacy is what distinguishes Jewish culture not only from the rest of eastern Europe but also from most other societies in the world at this time.
To participate in Christianity.
During the time of the Roman Empire, the Slavic peoples moved into the plains of Russia and eastern Europe.
Some earlier inhabitants and some additional invaders, such as the Bulgarias, were incorporated.
The rich soils of what is now Ukraine and western Russia were extended by the Slavs.
The gods for the sun, thunder, wind, and fire were maintained by the Slavs.
The early Russians had a rich tradition of folk music and oral legends.
The Slavs moved all the way from their lands around the Pripet River to what is now Ukraine and Belarus.
The migrations took them from the Baltic Sea to the Oder River.
The Slavs were prevented from unifying by the arrival of the Hungarians.
The arrival of the Hungarians in the 9th and 10th centuries complicated the Slavic holdings.
In eastern Europe, the various Salvic peoples dominated.
The Dnieper, established in the 9th century, became the focal point of the trade city in southern Russia, which was moving along the great rivers of western Russia.
The Russian point for kingdom of Russia is shown on the map as well as the route that led from Scandinavia to Byzantium.
The traders were able to reach the 12th century through this route.
The founder of the first other crude products were products from Byzantium and the Arab world.
There was a monarchy in 855 c.e.
The predecessor to organized through alliances flourished until the 12th century.
Many Russians visited Constantinople from the territory of Kiev, which became a prosperous trading center.
This was the countries of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus.
The ruler of the Russian kingdom converted to Christianity on behalf of his people.
From 980 to 1015, Vladimir organized mass baptisms for his subjects, forcing them to convert to Christianity.
Russian form of Christianity was imported.
The descendants were able to avoid damaging battles over the Byzantine empire and combined cession to the throne.
Following the example of the Byzantines, they issued a formal law code that reduced with local religion, king characteristi the severity of traditional punishments, and replaced community vendettas with state-run courts.
The document from a monk's chronicle states that if any inhabitant, rich or poor, did not take himself to Vladimir's conversion policy, he would risk the Prince's displeasure.
When the people heard about the power of Russian princes, they cried and exclaimed, "If this were not good, the Prince the relationship between Christianity and earlier animism."
There was joy official claims are important, but they may not reflect the whole in heaven and on earth to see so many souls saved.
The devil groaned, "woe is me."
The need to understand a particular mindset is a classic case of the need to understand.
The Russes were ignorant pagans.
The prince devil was not aware that his ruin was and the people had offered their sacrifice when he was there.
He found himself approaching.
He was so eager to destroy the Christian people, churches, to assign priests throughout the cities and towns, and yet he was expelled by the true cross even from these very to bring people in for baptism from all towns and villages.
The children of the best families were going to be sent to faith by the Mohammedan.